Anxiety, depression, impulsivity and substance misuse in violent and non-violent adolescent boys in detention in China

Zhou, Jiansong, Witt, Katrina, Zhang, Yingdong, Chen, Chen, Qiu, Changjian, Cao, Liping and Wang, Xiaoping 2014, Anxiety, depression, impulsivity and substance misuse in violent and non-violent adolescent boys in detention in China, Psychiatry research, vol. 216, no. 3, pp. 379-384, doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2014.01.024.

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Title Anxiety, depression, impulsivity and substance misuse in violent and non-violent adolescent boys in detention in China
Author(s) Zhou, Jiansong
Witt, Katrina
Zhang, Yingdong
Chen, Chen
Qiu, Changjian
Cao, Liping
Wang, Xiaoping
Journal name Psychiatry research
Volume number 216
Issue number 3
Start page 379
End page 384
Total pages 6
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2014-05-30
ISSN 0165-1781
Keyword(s) Incarcerated youths
Juvenile offenders
Psychiatric disorders
Impulsivity
Internalizing and externalizing symptoms
Summary The present investigation aims to identify the factors which differentiate violent from non-violent juvenile offenders, with a particular emphasis on the association between internalizing psychiatric morbidity (i.e. anxiety and depression), impulsivity, substance misuse, and violence. A total of 323 incarcerated male juvenile offenders from one of three Youth Detention Centers (YDCs) in China were recruited between August 2007 and November 2008. Interviews were conducted by trained psychiatrists using the Barratt Impulsivity Scale (BIS-11), the Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED), and the Birleson Depression Self-Rating Scale (DSRS) to assess impulsivity, anxiety and depression, respectively. The Schedule for Affective Disorder and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children Present and Lifetime (K-SADS-PL) was also used to assess psychiatric diagnoses. Violent offenders had significantly higher BIS-11 total scores, and attention and nonplanning subscale scores (p<0.05). In the multiple logistic regression model, substance use disorders (SUD) and BIS-11 total scores independently predicted violence. Prison-based treatment services designed to reduce impulsivity and substance misuse in juvenile detention facilities should be prioritized.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.psychres.2014.01.024
Field of Research 170104 Forensic Psychology
Socio Economic Objective 920410 Mental Health
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2014, Elsevier
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30080885

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Health and Social Development
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