Promoting gross motor skills and physical activity in childcare: a translational randomized controlled trial

Jones, Rachel A., Okely, Anthony D., Hinkley, Trina, Batterham, Marijka and Burke, Claire 2015, Promoting gross motor skills and physical activity in childcare: a translational randomized controlled trial, Journal of science and medicine in sport, vol. 19, pp. 744-749, doi: 10.1016/j.jsams.2015.10.006.

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Title Promoting gross motor skills and physical activity in childcare: a translational randomized controlled trial
Author(s) Jones, Rachel A.
Okely, Anthony D.
Hinkley, TrinaORCID iD for Hinkley, Trina
Batterham, Marijka
Burke, Claire
Journal name Journal of science and medicine in sport
Volume number 19
Start page 744
End page 749
Total pages 6
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2015-11-05
ISSN 1878-1861
Keyword(s) intervention
physical activity
translational trial
gross motor skills
Summary OBJECTIVES: Educator-led programs for physical activity and motor skill development show potential but few have been implemented and evaluated using a randomized controlled design. Furthermore, few educator-led programs have evaluated both gross motor skills and physical activity. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate a gross motor skill and physical activity program for preschool children which was facilitated solely by childcare educators. DESIGN: A six-month 2-arm randomized controlled trial was implemented between April and September 2012 in four early childhood centers in Tasmania, Australia. METHODS: Educators participated in ongoing professional development sessions and children participated in structured physical activity lessons and unstructured physical activity sessions. RESULTS: In total, 150 children were recruited from four centers which were randomized to intervention or wait-list control group. Six early childhood educators from the intervention centers were trained to deliver the intervention. Gross motor skills were assessed using the Test of Gross Motor Development (2nd edition) and physical activity was measured objectively using GT3X+ Actigraph accelerometers. No statistically significant differences were identified. However, small to medium effect sizes, in favor of the intervention group, were evident for four of the five gross motor skills and the total gross motor skill score and small to medium effect sizes were reported for all physical activity outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: This study highlights the potential of educator-led physical activity interventions and supports the need for further translational trials within the early childhood sector.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.jsams.2015.10.006
Field of Research 119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified
1117 Public Health And Health Services
Socio Economic Objective 920299 Health and Support Services not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2015, Sports Medicine Australia
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition
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