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The correlates of after-school sedentary behavior among children aged 5-18 years: a systematic review

Arundell, Lauren, Fletcher, Elly, Salmon, Jo, Veitch, Jenny and Hinkley, Trina 2016, The correlates of after-school sedentary behavior among children aged 5-18 years: a systematic review, BMC public health, vol. 16, Article number: 58, pp. 1-10, doi: 10.1186/s12889-015-2659-4.

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Title The correlates of after-school sedentary behavior among children aged 5-18 years: a systematic review
Author(s) Arundell, LaurenORCID iD for Arundell, Lauren orcid.org/0000-0002-8178-4104
Fletcher, EllyORCID iD for Fletcher, Elly orcid.org/0000-0003-3958-9599
Salmon, JoORCID iD for Salmon, Jo orcid.org/0000-0002-4734-6354
Veitch, JennyORCID iD for Veitch, Jenny orcid.org/0000-0001-8962-0887
Hinkley, TrinaORCID iD for Hinkley, Trina orcid.org/0000-0003-2742-8579
Journal name BMC public health
Volume number 16
Season Article number: 58
Start page 1
End page 10
Total pages 10
Publisher BioMed Central
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2016
ISSN 1471-2458
Keyword(s) child behaviour
health
sedentary behaviour
Summary BACKGROUND: Children and adolescents spend a large proportion of the after-school period in sedentary behaviors (SB). Identifying context-specific correlates is important for informing strategies to reduce these behaviors. This paper systematically reviews the correlates of children's and adolescents' after-school SB.

METHODS: A computerized literature search was performed in October 2015 for peer-reviewed original research journal articles published in English before October 2015. Eligibility criteria included: 1) sample aged 5-18 years; 2) quantified the amount of SB or component of this that the children/adolescents were performing after school; 3) a measure of SB as the dependent outcome; and 4) the association between potential correlates and after-school SB.

RESULTS: Data were synthesized in October 2015. Thirty-one studies met the eligibility criteria: 22 studies among children (≤ 12 years), six among adolescents (>12 years), two had a combined sample of children and adolescents and one cohort followed children from childhood to adolescence. Findings were separated by after-school location i.e. after-school programs (n = 4 studies) and unidentified locations (n = 27). There was insufficient evidence to draw conclusions on all but two of the 58 potential correlates: sex and age. Among children at unidentified locations there was a null association between sex (male) and overall after-school SB, a null association between sex (male) and after-school TV viewing, a positive association between age and overall after-school SB and an inconsistent association between age and after-school TV viewing. No correlates of after-school sedentary behaviour while at after-school programs were identified.

CONCLUSIONS: Only two correlates have been investigated frequently enough to determine an overall association; neither correlate is modifiable. Due to the lack of consistent investigation of potential correlates, further evidence is required to accurately identify potential intervention targets.
Language eng
DOI 10.1186/s12889-015-2659-4
Field of Research 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
1117 Public Health And Health Services
Socio Economic Objective 920401 Behaviour and Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, The Authors
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30081055

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.