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Motivation and barriers for leisure-time physical activity in socioeconomically disadvantaged women

Santos, Ines, Ball, Kylie, Crawford, David and Teixeira, Pedro J. 2016, Motivation and barriers for leisure-time physical activity in socioeconomically disadvantaged women, PLoS one, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 1-14, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0147735.

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Title Motivation and barriers for leisure-time physical activity in socioeconomically disadvantaged women
Author(s) Santos, Ines
Ball, KylieORCID iD for Ball, Kylie orcid.org/0000-0003-2893-8415
Crawford, DavidORCID iD for Crawford, David orcid.org/0000-0002-2467-7556
Teixeira, Pedro J.
Journal name PLoS one
Volume number 11
Issue number 1
Start page 1
End page 14
Total pages 14
Publisher PLoS
Place of publication San Francisco, Calif.
Publication date 2016-01-25
ISSN 1932-6203
Keyword(s) adolescent
adult
female
humans
middle aged
motivation
motor activity
social class
young adult
Summary INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to examine cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between motivation and barriers for physical activity, and physical activity behavior in women living in socioeconomic disadvantage. This study also examined whether weight control intentions moderate those associations.

METHODS: Data from 1664 women aged 18-46 years was collected at baseline and three-year follow-up as part of the Resilience for Eating and Activity Despite Inequality study. In mail-based surveys, women reported sociodemographic and neighborhood environmental characteristics, intrinsic motivation, goals and perceived family barriers to be active, weight control intentions and leisure-time physical activity (assessed through the IPAQ-L). Linear regression models assessed the association of intrinsic motivation, goals and barriers with physical activity at baseline and follow-up, adjusting for environmental characteristics and also physical activity at baseline (for longitudinal analyses), and the moderating effects of weight control intentions were examined.

RESULTS: Intrinsic motivation and, to a lesser extent, appearance and relaxation goals for being physically active were consistently associated with leisure-time physical activity at baseline and follow-up. Perceived family barriers, health, fitness, weight and stress relief goals were associated with leisure-time physical activity only at baseline. Moderated regression analyses revealed that weight control intentions significantly moderated the association between weight goals and leisure-time physical activity at baseline (β = 0.538, 99% CI = 0.057, 0.990) and between intrinsic motivation and leisure-time physical activity at follow-up (β = 0.666, 99% CI = 0.188, 1.145). For women actively trying to control their weight, intrinsic motivation was significantly associated with leisure-time physical activity at follow-up (β = 0.184, 99% CI = 0.097, 0.313).

CONCLUSIONS: Results suggest that, especially in women trying to control their weight, intrinsic motivation plays an important role in sustaining physical activity participation over time. Also, weight goals for being physically active seem to play a role regarding short-term physical activity participation in this particular population. Addressing these motivational features may be important when promoting physical activity participation in women living in socioeconomically disadvantaged neighborhoods.
Language eng
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0147735
Field of Research 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920401 Behaviour and Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, The Authors
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30081056

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.