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Association between maternal education and objectively measured physical activity and sedentary time in adolescents

Sherar, Lauren B., Griffin, Tom P., Ekelund, Ulf, Cooper, Ashley R., Esliger, Dale W., van Sluijs, Esther M. F., Bo Andersen, Lars, Cardon, Greet, Davey, Rachel, Froberg, Karsten, Hallal, Pedro C., Janz, Kathleen F., Kordas, Katarzyna, Kriemler, Susi, Pate, Russell R., Puder, Jardena J., Sardinha, Luis B., Timperio, Anna F. and Page, Angie S. 2016, Association between maternal education and objectively measured physical activity and sedentary time in adolescents, Journal of epidemiology and community health, vol. 70, no. 6, pp. 541-548, doi: 10.1136/jech-2015-205763.

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Title Association between maternal education and objectively measured physical activity and sedentary time in adolescents
Author(s) Sherar, Lauren B.
Griffin, Tom P.
Ekelund, Ulf
Cooper, Ashley R.
Esliger, Dale W.
van Sluijs, Esther M. F.
Bo Andersen, Lars
Cardon, Greet
Davey, Rachel
Froberg, Karsten
Hallal, Pedro C.
Janz, Kathleen F.
Kordas, Katarzyna
Kriemler, Susi
Pate, Russell R.
Puder, Jardena J.
Sardinha, Luis B.
Timperio, Anna F.
Page, Angie S.
Journal name Journal of epidemiology and community health
Volume number 70
Issue number 6
Start page 541
End page 548
Total pages 8
Publisher BMJ Publishing Group
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2016-06
ISSN 1470-2738
Keyword(s) PAEDIATRIC
PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
SOCIAL INEQUALITIES
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
SOCIOECONOMIC-STATUS
RISK-FACTORS
CHILD OVERWEIGHT
BEHAVIOR
ACCELEROMETER
POSITION
YOUTH
MORTALITY
ADULTHOOD
OBESITY
Summary BACKGROUND: Investigating socioeconomic variation in physical activity (PA) and sedentary time is important as it may represent a pathway by which socioeconomic position (SEP) leads to ill health. Findings on the association between children's SEP and objectively assessed PA and/or sedentary time are mixed, and few studies have included international samples.

OBJECTIVE: Examine the associations between maternal education and adolescent's objectively assessed PA and sedentary time.

METHODS: This is an observational study of 12 770 adolescents (10-18 years) pooled from 10 studies from Europe, Australia, Brazil and the USA. Original PA data were collected between 1997 and 2009. The associations between maternal education and accelerometer variables were examined using robust multivariable regression, adjusted for a priori confounders (ie, body mass index, monitor wear time, season, age and sex) and regression coefficients combined across studies using random effects meta-analyses. Analyses were conducted in March 2014.

RESULTS: Adolescents of university educated mothers spent more time sedentary (9.5 min/day, p=0.005) and less time in light activity (10 min/day, p<0.001) compared with adolescents of high school educated mothers. Pooled analysis across two studies from Brazil and Portugal (analysed separately because of the different coding of maternal education) showed that children of higher educated mothers (tertiary vs primary/secondary) spent less time in moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA) (6.6 min/day, p=0.001) and in light PA (39.2 min/day: p<0.001), and more time sedentary (45.9 min/day, p<0.001).

CONCLUSIONS: Across a number of international samples, adolescents of mothers with lower education may not be at a disadvantage in terms of overall objectively measured PA.
Language eng
DOI 10.1136/jech-2015-205763
Field of Research 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
1117 Public Health And Health Services
1604 Human Geography
Socio Economic Objective 920401 Behaviour and Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, The Authors
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30081122

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.