Predictors of increased body weight and waist circumference for middle-aged adults

MacInnis, Robert J., Hodge, Allison M., Dixon, Helen G., Peeters, Anna, Johnson, Lucinda E. A., English, Dallas R. and Giles, Graham G. 2014, Predictors of increased body weight and waist circumference for middle-aged adults, Public health nutrition, vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 1087-1097, doi: 10.1017/S1368980013001031.

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Title Predictors of increased body weight and waist circumference for middle-aged adults
Author(s) MacInnis, Robert J.
Hodge, Allison M.
Dixon, Helen G.
Peeters, AnnaORCID iD for Peeters, Anna
Johnson, Lucinda E. A.
English, Dallas R.
Giles, Graham G.
Journal name Public health nutrition
Volume number 17
Issue number 5
Start page 1087
End page 1097
Total pages 11
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Place of publication Cambridge, Eng.
Publication date 2014-05
ISSN 1475-2727
Keyword(s) Adiposity
Alcohol Drinking
Middle Aged
Prospective Studies
Waist Circumference
Weight Gain
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
Nutrition & Dietetics
Physical activity
Summary OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors of increased adiposity for different measures of adiposity. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study, the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study (MCCS), with data at baseline (1990-1994) and wave 2 (2003-2007). SETTING: Participants recruited from the community. SUBJECTS: Australian-born participants (n 5879) aged 40 to 69 years who were not current smokers and who were free from common chronic diseases at recruitment. At baseline and at wave 2, weight and waist circumference were measured; while demographic and lifestyle variables were obtained at baseline via structured interviews. RESULTS: Participants who reported any recreational physical activity at baseline had lower weight and smaller waist circumference at wave 2 than those who did not, particularly for younger participants and for vigorous physical activity. Walking for leisure was not associated, and greater physical activity at work was associated, with greater adiposity measures at wave 2. A diet low in carbohydrates and fibre, but high in fat and protein, predicted greater weight and waist circumference at wave 2. Participants were less likely to have elevated weight or waist circumference at wave 2 if they consumed low to moderate amounts of alcohol. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that promoting vigorous physical activity, encouraging a diet high in carbohydrate and fibre but low in fat and protein, and limiting alcohol intake could be promising approaches for preventing obesity in middle-aged adults. Similar interventions should successfully address the management of both weight and waist circumference, as they were predicted by similar factors.
Language eng
DOI 10.1017/S1368980013001031
Field of Research 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920499 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2013, The Authors
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Health and Social Development
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