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Noncommunicable disease prevention and control in Mongolia: a policy analysis

Chimeddamba, Oyun, Peeters, Anna, Walls, Helen L. and Joyce, Catherine 2015, Noncommunicable disease prevention and control in Mongolia: a policy analysis, BMC public health, vol. 15, Article Number : 660, pp. 1-10, doi: 10.1186/s12889-015-2040-7.

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Title Noncommunicable disease prevention and control in Mongolia: a policy analysis
Author(s) Chimeddamba, Oyun
Peeters, Anna
Walls, Helen L.
Joyce, Catherine
Journal name BMC public health
Volume number 15
Season Article Number : 660
Start page 1
End page 10
Total pages 10
Publisher BioMed Central
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2015-07-14
ISSN 1098-3015
Keyword(s) Noncommunicable disease
Health policy
Health planning
Public health
Mongolia
Social Sciences
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Economics
Health Care Sciences & Services
Health Policy & Services
Business & Economics
Summary Background: Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are the major global cause of morbidity and mortality. In Mongolia, a number of health policies have been developed targeting the prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases. This paper aimed to evaluate the extent to which NCD-related policies introduced in Mongolia align with the World Health Organization (WHO) 2008– 2013 Action Plan for the Global Strategy for the Prevention and Control of NCDs.

Methods: We conducted a review of policy documents introduced by the Government of Mongolia from 2000 to 2013. A literature review, internet-based search, and expert consultation identified the policy documents. Information was extracted from the documents using a matrix, mapping each document against the six objectives of the WHO 2008–2013 Action Plan for the Global Strategy for the Prevention and Control of NCDs and five dimensions: data source, aim and objectives of document, coverage of conditions, coverage of risk factors and implementation plan. 45 NCD-related policies were identified.

Results: Prevention and control of the common NCDs and their major risk factors as described by WHO were widely addressed, and policies aligned well with the objectives of the WHO 2008– 2013 Action Plan for the Global Strategy for the Prevention and Control of NCDs. Many documents included explicit implementation or monitoring frameworks. It appears that each objective of the WHO 2008– 2013 NCD Action Plan was well addressed. Specific areas less well and/or not addressed were chronic respiratory disease, physical activity guidelines and dietary standards.

Conclusions: The Mongolian Government response to the emerging burden of NCDs is a population-based public health approach that includes a national multisectoral framework and integration of NCD prevention and control policies into national health policies. Our findings suggest gaps in addressing chronic respiratory disease,physical activity guidelines, specific food policy actions restricting sales advertising of food products, and a lack of funding specifically supporting NCD research. The neglect of these areas may hamper addressing the NCD burden, and needs immediate action. Future research should explore the effectiveness of national NCD policies and the extent to which the policies are implemented in practice.
Language eng
DOI 10.1186/s12889-015-2040-7
Field of Research 1117 Public Health And Health Services
1402 Applied Economics
Socio Economic Objective 920109 Infectious Diseases
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2015, The Authors
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30081159

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: School of Health and Social Development
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.