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A novel approach to needs assessment in curriculum development: going beyond consensus methods

Gonsalves, Carol L., Ajjawi, Rola, Rodger, Marc and Varpio, Lara 2014, A novel approach to needs assessment in curriculum development: going beyond consensus methods, Medical teacher, vol. 36, no. 5, pp. 422-429, doi: 10.3109/0142159X.2013.877126.

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Title A novel approach to needs assessment in curriculum development: going beyond consensus methods
Author(s) Gonsalves, Carol L.
Ajjawi, RolaORCID iD for Ajjawi, Rola orcid.org/0000-0003-0651-3870
Rodger, Marc
Varpio, Lara
Journal name Medical teacher
Volume number 36
Issue number 5
Start page 422
End page 429
Total pages 8
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2014
ISSN 1466-187X
Summary BACKGROUND: Needs assessment should be the starting point for curriculum development. In medical education, expert opinion and consensus methods are commonly employed. AIM: This paper showcases a more practice-grounded needs assessment approach. METHODS: A mixed-methods approach, incorporating a national survey, practice audit, and expert consensus, was developed and piloted in thrombosis medicine; Phase 1: National survey of practicing consultants, Phase 2: Practice audit of consult service at a large academic centre and Phase 3: Focus group and modified Delphi techniques vetting Phase 1 and 2 findings. RESULTS: Phase 1 provided information on active curricula, training and practice patterns of consultants, and volume and variety of thrombosis consults. Phase 2's practice audit provided empirical data on the characteristics of thrombosis consults and their associated learning issues. Phase 3 generated consensus on a final curricular topic list and explored issues regarding curriculum delivery and accreditation. CONCLUSIONS: This approach offered a means of validating expert and consensus derived curricular content by incorporating a novel practice audit. By using this approach we were able to identify gaps in training programs and barriers to curriculum development. This approach to curriculum development can be applied to other postgraduate programs.
Language eng
DOI 10.3109/0142159X.2013.877126
Field of Research 130209 Medicine, Nursing and Health Curriculum and Pedagogy
Socio Economic Objective 970113 Expanding Knowledge in Education
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2014, Taylor & Francis
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30081250

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Office of the Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Education)
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