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Effects of exercise on the desire to smoke and physiological responses to temporary smoking abstinence: a crossover trial

Roberts, Vaughan, Gant, Nicholas, Sollers, John J, Bullen, Chris, Jiang, Yannan and Maddison, Ralph 2015, Effects of exercise on the desire to smoke and physiological responses to temporary smoking abstinence: a crossover trial, Psychopharmacology, vol. 232, no. 6, pp. 1071-1081, doi: 10.1007/s00213-014-3742-8.

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Title Effects of exercise on the desire to smoke and physiological responses to temporary smoking abstinence: a crossover trial
Author(s) Roberts, Vaughan
Gant, Nicholas
Sollers, John J
Bullen, Chris
Jiang, Yannan
Maddison, RalphORCID iD for Maddison, Ralph orcid.org/0000-0001-8564-5518
Journal name Psychopharmacology
Volume number 232
Issue number 6
Start page 1071
End page 1081
Total pages 11
Publisher Springer
Place of publication Berlin, Germany
Publication date 2015-03
ISSN 1432-2072
Keyword(s) smoking
cigarette smoking
exercise
noradrenaline
cortisol
heart rate variability
Summary RATIONALE: Exercise has been shown to attenuate cigarette cravings during temporary smoking abstinence; however, the mechanisms of action are not clearly understood. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study were to compare the effects of three exercise intensities on desire to smoke and explore potential neurobiological mediators of desire to smoke. METHODS: Following overnight abstinence, 40 participants (25 males, 18-59 years) completed three 15 min sessions of light-, moderate-, or vigorous-intensity exercise on a cycle ergometer in a randomized crossover design. Ratings of desire to smoke were self-reported pre- and post-exercise and heart rate variability was measured throughout. Saliva and blood were analyzed for cortisol and noradrenaline in a sub-sample. RESULTS: Exercise influenced desire to smoke (F [2, 91] = 7.94, p < 0.01), with reductions greatest immediately after vigorous exercise. There were also significant time x exercise intensity interaction effects for heart rate variability and plasma noradrenaline (F [8, 72] = 2.23, p = 0.03), with a bias in noradrenaline occurring between light and vigorous conditions (adjusted mean difference [SE] = 2850 ng/ml [592], p < 0.01) at 5 min post-exercise. There was no interaction of time x exercise intensity for plasma and salivary cortisol levels. CONCLUSIONS: These findings support the use of vigorous exercise to reduce cigarette cravings, showing potential alterations in a noradrenergic marker.
Language eng
DOI 10.1007/s00213-014-3742-8
Field of Research 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920499 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2015, Springer
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30081441

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research
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