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Exercise counseling to enhance smoking cessation outcomes: the Fit2Quit randomized controlled trial

Maddison, Ralph, Roberts, Vaughan, McRobbie, Hayden, Bullen, Christopher, Prapavessis, Harry, Glover, Marewa, Jiang, Yannan, Brown, Paul, Leung, William, Taylor, Sue and Tsai, Midi 2014, Exercise counseling to enhance smoking cessation outcomes: the Fit2Quit randomized controlled trial, Annals of behavioral medicine, vol. 48, no. 2, pp. 194-204, doi: 10.1007/s12160-014-9588-9.

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Title Exercise counseling to enhance smoking cessation outcomes: the Fit2Quit randomized controlled trial
Author(s) Maddison, RalphORCID iD for Maddison, Ralph orcid.org/0000-0001-8564-5518
Roberts, Vaughan
McRobbie, Hayden
Bullen, Christopher
Prapavessis, Harry
Glover, Marewa
Jiang, Yannan
Brown, Paul
Leung, William
Taylor, Sue
Tsai, Midi
Journal name Annals of behavioral medicine
Volume number 48
Issue number 2
Start page 194
End page 204
Total pages 11
Publisher Springer
Place of publication New York, N.Y.
Publication date 2014-10
ISSN 0883-6612
1532-4796
Keyword(s) exercise
addiction
smoking cessation
behavior change
randomized controlled trail
Adult
Directive Counseling
Female
Humans
Male
Motor Activity
Tobacco Use Cessation Products
Summary BACKGROUND: Regular exercise has been proposed as a potential smoking cessation aid.

PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the effects of an exercise counseling program on cigarette smoking abstinence at 24 weeks.

METHODS: A parallel, two-arm, randomized controlled trial was conducted. Adult cigarette smokers (n = 906) who were insufficiently active and interested in quitting were randomized to receive the Fit2Quit intervention (10 exercise telephone counseling sessions over 6 months) plus usual care (behavioral counseling and nicotine replacement therapy) or usual care alone.

RESULTS: There were no significant group differences in 7-day point-prevalence and continuous abstinence at 6 months. The more intervention calls successfully delivered, the lower the probability of smoking (OR, 0.88; 95 % CI 0.81-0.97, p = 0.01) in the intervention group. A significant difference was observed for leisure time physical activity (difference = 219.11 MET-minutes/week; 95 % CI 52.65-385.58; p = 0.01).

CONCLUSIONS: Telephone-delivered exercise counseling may not be sufficient to improve smoking abstinence rates over and above existing smoking cessation services.
Language eng
DOI 10.1007/s12160-014-9588-9
Field of Research 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920499 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2014, Society of Behavioral Medicine
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30081451

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research
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