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Conceptualising and measuring spatial indicators of employment through a liveability lens

Badland, Hannah, Davern, Melanie, Villanueva, Karen, Mavoa, Suzanne, Milner, Allison, Roberts, Rebecca and Giles-Corti, Billie 2016, Conceptualising and measuring spatial indicators of employment through a liveability lens, Social indicators research, vol. 127, no. 2, pp. 565-576, doi: 10.1007/s11205-015-0978-6.

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Title Conceptualising and measuring spatial indicators of employment through a liveability lens
Author(s) Badland, Hannah
Davern, Melanie
Villanueva, Karen
Mavoa, Suzanne
Milner, Allison
Roberts, Rebecca
Giles-Corti, Billie
Journal name Social indicators research
Volume number 127
Issue number 2
Start page 565
End page 576
Total pages 12
Publisher Springer
Place of publication Berlin, Germany
Publication date 2016-06
ISSN 0303-8300
Keyword(s) Geographical information systems
Liveability
Policy
Social determinants of health
Urban planning
Summary Employment is a well-known social determinant of health and wellbeing and important for the liveability of a region. Yet, spatial data are rarely used to understand barriers and facilitators of accessing employment within a city. Therefore it remains challenging to plan cities that provide equitable opportunities for urban job seekers. This paper sought to: (1) identify urban planning and neighbourhood spatial attributes that facilitate access to employment; (2) conceptualise how neighbourhood attributes that facilitate accessible urban employment may be related to health and wellbeing behaviours and outcomes; and (3) isolate potentially important neighbourhood-level spatial measures that policy-makers and planners could use to assess urban employment accessibility. A conceptual framework was developed through a social determinants of health lens, where more upstream (e.g., neighbourhood attributes) and more downstream (e.g., behaviours, intermediate outcomes) determinants of urban employment were identified in relation to long-term health and social outcomes of interest. Six potential neighbourhood spatial measures of employment were identified. These were classified into measures of: access to employment (n = 4), local employment (n = 1), and neighbourhood employment level (n = 1). The spatial measures proposed rely on routinely collected administrative datasets existing within Australia (i.e., census data); therefore can be replicated over time and data are available nationally. Together, this research identified a suite of potential (and readily available) spatial measures that can be used to assess selected neighbourhood attributes as they relate to urban employment access. Such spatial measures can be used to inform future planning decisions that integrate policies across multiple sectors, thereby improving employment accessibility in an urban context.
Language eng
DOI 10.1007/s11205-015-0978-6
Field of Research 1608 Sociology
Socio Economic Objective 970116 Expanding Knowledge through Studies of Human Society
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2015, Springer
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30081495

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: School of Health and Social Development
Population Health
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