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Effects of parent and child behaviours on overweight and obesity in infants and young children from disadvantaged backgrounds: systematic review with narrative synthesis

Russell, Georgina R., Taki, Sarah, Laws, Rachel, Azadi, Leva, Campbell, Karen J., Elliott, Rosalind, Lynch, John, Ball, Kylie, Taylor, Rachael and Denney-Wilson, Elizabeth 2016, Effects of parent and child behaviours on overweight and obesity in infants and young children from disadvantaged backgrounds: systematic review with narrative synthesis, BMC public health, vol. 16, Article Number : 151, pp. 1-13, doi: 10.1186/s12889-016-2801-y.

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Title Effects of parent and child behaviours on overweight and obesity in infants and young children from disadvantaged backgrounds: systematic review with narrative synthesis
Author(s) Russell, Georgina R.
Taki, Sarah
Laws, Rachel
Azadi, Leva
Campbell, Karen J.
Elliott, Rosalind
Lynch, John
Ball, Kylie
Taylor, Rachael
Denney-Wilson, Elizabeth
Journal name BMC public health
Volume number 16
Season Article Number : 151
Start page 1
End page 13
Total pages 13
Publisher BioMed Central
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2016-02-13
ISSN 1471-2458
Keyword(s) obesity
parents
children
Socioeconomically disadvantaged
Indigenous
eating
food
sedentary
activity
weight
Summary BACKGROUND: Despite the crucial need to develop targeted and effective approaches for obesity prevention in children most at risk, the pathways explaining socioeconomic disparity in children's obesity prevalence remain poorly understood.

METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of the literature that investigated causes of weight gain in children aged 0-5 years from socioeconomically disadvantaged or Indigenous backgrounds residing in OECD countries. Major electronic databases were searched from inception until December 2015. Key words identified studies addressing relationships between parenting, child eating, child physical activity or sedentary behaviour and child weight in disadvantaged samples.

RESULTS: A total of 32 articles met the inclusion criteria. The Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool quality rating for the studies ranged from 25 % (weak) to 100 % (strong). Studies predominantly reported on relationships between parenting and child weight (n = 21), or parenting and child eating (n = 12), with fewer (n = 8) investigating child eating and weight. Most evidence was from socio-economically disadvantaged ethnic minority groups in the USA. Clustering of diet, weight and feeding behaviours by socioeconomic indicators and ethnicity precluded identification of independent effects of each of these risk factors.

CONCLUSIONS: This review has highlighted significant gaps in our mechanistic understanding of the relative importance of different aspects of parent and child behaviours in disadvantaged population groups.
Language eng
DOI 10.1186/s12889-016-2801-y
Field of Research 111199 Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified
1117 Public Health And Health Services
Socio Economic Objective 920401 Behaviour and Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, The Authors
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30081512

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.