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Trends in BMI of urban Australian adults, 1980-2000

Walls, Helen L., Wolfe, Rory, Haby, Michelle M., Magliano, Dianna J., de Courten, Maximilian, Reid, Christopher M., McNeil, John J., Shaw, Jonathan and Peeters, Anna 2010, Trends in BMI of urban Australian adults, 1980-2000, Public health nutrition, vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 631-638, doi: 10.1017/S1368980009991455.

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Title Trends in BMI of urban Australian adults, 1980-2000
Author(s) Walls, Helen L.
Wolfe, Rory
Haby, Michelle M.
Magliano, Dianna J.
de Courten, Maximilian
Reid, Christopher M.
McNeil, John J.
Shaw, Jonathan
Peeters, AnnaORCID iD for Peeters, Anna orcid.org/0000-0003-4340-9132
Journal name Public health nutrition
Volume number 13
Issue number 5
Start page 631
End page 638
Total pages 8
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Place of publication Cambridge, Eng.
Publication date 2010-05
ISSN 1475-2727
1475-2727
Keyword(s) Adult
Age Distribution
Australia
Body Mass Index
Cohort Studies
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Obesity
Obesity, Morbid
Population Surveillance
Prevalence
Sex Distribution
Time Factors
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
Nutrition & Dietetics
PUBLIC, ENVIRONMENTAL & OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH, SCI
Trends
LIFE-STYLE
UNITED-STATES
OVERWEIGHT
INCREASES
AUSDIAB
Summary OBJECTIVE: To analyse changes in the distribution of BMI in Australia between 1980 and 2000. DESIGN: Data were from the 1980, 1983 and 1989 National Heart Foundation Risk Factor Prevalence Study, the 1995 National Nutrition Survey and the 1999/2000 Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle Study. Survey participants were aged 25-64 years and resident in Australian capital cities. BMI was calculated as weight divided by height squared (kg/m2), where weight and height were measured using standard procedures. RESULTS: Mean BMI was higher in 2000 than 1980 in all sex and age groups. The age-adjusted increase was 1.4 kg/m2 in men and 2.1 kg/m2 in women. The BMI distribution shifted rightwards for all sex and age groups and became increasingly right-skewed. The change between 1980 and 2000 ranged from a decrease of 0.04 kg/m2 at the lower end of the distribution for men aged 25-34 years to an increase of 7.4 kg/m2 at the higher end for women aged 55-64 years. While the prevalence of obesity (BMI >or= 30 kg/m2) doubled, the prevalence of obesity class III (BMI >or= 40 kg/m2) increased fourfold. CONCLUSIONS: BMI in urban Australian adults has increased and its distribution has become increasingly right-skewed. This has resulted in a large increase in the prevalence of obesity, particularly the more severe levels of obesity. It will be important to monitor changes in the different classes of obesity and the extent to which obesity interventions both shift the BMI distribution leftwards and decrease the skew of the distribution.
Language eng
DOI 10.1017/S1368980009991455
Field of Research 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920499 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2009, The Authors
Free to Read? Yes
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30081575

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.