Depressed mood during early to middle adolescence: a bi-national longitudinal study of the unique impact of family conflict

Kelly, Adrian B., Mason, W. Alex, Chmelka, Mary B., Herrenkohl, Todd I., Kim, Min Jung, Patton, George C., Hemphill, Sheryl A., Toumbourou, John W. and Catalano, Richard F. 2016, Depressed mood during early to middle adolescence: a bi-national longitudinal study of the unique impact of family conflict, Journal of youth adolescence, vol. 45, no. 8, pp. 1604-1613, doi: 10.1007/s10964-016-0433-2.

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Title Depressed mood during early to middle adolescence: a bi-national longitudinal study of the unique impact of family conflict
Author(s) Kelly, Adrian B.
Mason, W. Alex
Chmelka, Mary B.
Herrenkohl, Todd I.
Kim, Min Jung
Patton, George C.
Hemphill, Sheryl A.
Toumbourou, John W.
Catalano, Richard F.
Journal name Journal of youth adolescence
Volume number 45
Issue number 8
Start page 1604
End page 1613
Total pages 10
Publisher Springer
Place of publication Berlin, Germany
Publication date 2016-08
ISSN 1573-6601
Keyword(s) adolescence
depressed mood
family conflict
Summary Adolescent depressed mood is related to the development of subsequent mental health problems, and family problems have been linked to adolescent depression. Longitudinal research on adolescent depressed mood is needed to establish the unique impact of family problems independent of other potential drivers. This study tested the extent to which family conflict exacerbates depressed mood during adolescence, independent of changes in depressed mood over time, academic performance, bullying victimization, negative cognitive style, and gender. Students (13 years old) participated in a three-wave bi-national study (n = 961 from the State of Washington, United States, n = 981 from Victoria, Australia; 98 % retention, 51 % female in each sample). The model was cross-lagged and controlled for the autocorrelation of depressed mood, negative cognitive style, academic failure, and bullying victimization. Family conflict partially predicted changes in depressed mood independent of changes in depressed mood over time and the other controls. There was also evidence that family conflict and adolescent depressed mood are reciprocally related over time. The findings were closely replicated across the two samples. The study identifies potential points of intervention to interrupt the progression of depressed mood in early to middle adolescence.
Language eng
DOI 10.1007/s10964-016-0433-2
Field of Research 170102 Developmental Psychology and Ageing
170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
1303 Specialist Studies In Education
1701 Psychology
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Grant ID ARC DPO663371
ARC DP0877359
ARC DP1095744
NHMRC 594793
Copyright notice ©2016, Springer
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
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