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An integrated workplace mental health intervention in a policing context: protocol for a cluster randomised control trial

LaMontagne, Anthony D., Milner, Allison J., Allisey, Amanda F., Page, Kathryn M., Reavley, Nicola J., Martin, Angela, Tchernitskaia, Irina, Noblet, Andrew J., Purnell, Lauren J., Witt, Katrina, Keegel, Tessa G. and Smith, Peter M. 2016, An integrated workplace mental health intervention in a policing context: protocol for a cluster randomised control trial, BMC Psychiatry, vol. 16, Article number: 49, pp. 1-13, doi: 10.1186/s12888-016-0741-9.

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Title An integrated workplace mental health intervention in a policing context: protocol for a cluster randomised control trial
Author(s) LaMontagne, Anthony D.ORCID iD for LaMontagne, Anthony D. orcid.org/0000-0002-5811-5906
Milner, Allison J.
Allisey, Amanda F.
Page, Kathryn M.
Reavley, Nicola J.
Martin, Angela
Tchernitskaia, Irina
Noblet, Andrew J.ORCID iD for Noblet, Andrew J. orcid.org/0000-0002-3498-6838
Purnell, Lauren J.
Witt, Katrina
Keegel, Tessa G.
Smith, Peter M.
Journal name BMC Psychiatry
Volume number 16
Season Article number: 49
Start page 1
End page 13
Total pages 13
Publisher BioMed Central
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2016-02-27
ISSN 1471-244X
Keyword(s) Workplace mental health
Job stress
Stress reduction
Mental health literacy
Cluster RCT
Intervention
Summary BACKGROUND: In this paper, we present the protocol for a cluster-randomised trial to evaluate the implementation and effectiveness of a workplace mental health intervention in the state-wide police department of the south-eastern Australian state of Victoria. n. The primary aims of the intervention are to improve psychosocial working conditions and mental health literacy, and secondarily to improve mental health and organisational outcomes.

METHODS/DESIGN: The intervention was designed collaboratively with Victoria Police based on a mixed methods pilot study, and combines multi-session leadership coaching for the senior officers within stations (e.g., Sergeants, Senior Sergeants) with tailored mental health literacy training for lower and upper ranks. Intervention effectiveness will be evaluated using a two-arm cluster-randomised trial design, with 12 police stations randomly assigned to the intervention and 12 to the non-intervention/usual care control condition. Data will be collected from all police members in each station (estimated at >20 per station). Psychosocial working conditions (e.g., supervisory support, job control, job demands), mental health literacy (e.g., knowledge, confidence in assisting someone who may have a mental health problem), and mental health will be assessed using validated measures. Organisational outcomes will include organisational depression disclosure norms, organisational cynicism, and station-level sickness absence rates. The trial will be conducted following CONSORT guidelines. Identifying data will not be collected in order to protect participant privacy and to optimise participation, hence changes in primary and secondary outcomes will be assessed using a two-sample t-test comparing summary measures by arm, with weighting by cluster size.

DISCUSSION: This intervention is novel in its integration of stressor-reduction and mental health literacy-enhancing strategies. Effectiveness will be rigorously evaluated, and if positive results are observed, the intervention will be adapted across Victoria Police (total employees ~16,500) as well as possibly in other policing contexts, both nationally and internationally.
Language eng
DOI 10.1186/s12888-016-0741-9
Field of Research 1103 Clinical Sciences
111705 Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety
111714 Mental Health
Socio Economic Objective 920505 Occupational Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, The Authors
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30081933

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.