Self-efficacy, imagery use, and adherence during injury rehabilitation

Wesch, N., Hall, C., Prapavessis, H., Maddison, R., Bassett, S., Foley, L., Brooks, S. and Forwell, L. 2012, Self-efficacy, imagery use, and adherence during injury rehabilitation, Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports, vol. 22, no. 5, pp. 695-703, doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0838.2011.01304.x.

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Title Self-efficacy, imagery use, and adherence during injury rehabilitation
Author(s) Wesch, N.
Hall, C.
Prapavessis, H.
Maddison, R.ORCID iD for Maddison, R.
Bassett, S.
Foley, L.
Brooks, S.
Forwell, L.
Journal name Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports
Volume number 22
Issue number 5
Start page 695
End page 703
Total pages 9
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell
Place of publication Chichester, Eng.
Publication date 2012-10
ISSN 1600-0838
Keyword(s) Adolescent
Analysis of Variance
Athletic Injuries
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Imagery (Psychotherapy)
Middle Aged
Patient Compliance
Prospective Studies
Self Efficacy
Surveys and Questionnaires
Time Factors
Young Adult
Summary Previous observational studies examining imagery, self-efficacy, and adherence during injury rehabilitation have been cross-sectional and thus have not provided a clear representation of what occurs over the course of the rehabilitation period. The objectives of this research were (1) to examine the temporal patterns of imagery, self-efficacy, and rehabilitation adherence during an 8-week rehabilitation program and (2) to identify the time-order relationships between imagery, self-efficacy, and adherence. The design of the study was prospective and observational. 90 injured people (n=57 males; n=33 females) aged 18-78 years attending an injury rehabilitation clinic participated. The main outcome measures were imagery (cognitive, motivational, and healing), self-efficacy (task and coping), and rehabilitation adherence (duration, quality, and frequency). Results indicated that task efficacy, imagery use, and adherence levels remained stable, while coping efficacy declined over time. During the course of rehabilitation, moderate to strong reciprocal relationships existed between self-efficacy and adherence to rehabilitation. Weak to moderate relationships were found between imagery use and rehabilitation adherence. The results of this study can be used to inform the development of interventions steeped in self-efficacy and imagery aimed at improving rehabilitation adherence and treatment outcome.
Language eng
DOI 10.1111/j.1600-0838.2011.01304.x
Field of Research 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
1106 Human Movement And Sports Science
Socio Economic Objective 920499 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2011, John Wiley & Sons A/S
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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