Overweight among New Zealand adolescents: associations with ethnicity and deprivation

Utter, Jennifer, Denny, Simon, Crengle, Sue, Ameratunga, Shanthi, Robinson, Elizabeth, Clark, Terryann, Percival, Teuila and Maddison, Ralph 2010, Overweight among New Zealand adolescents: associations with ethnicity and deprivation, International journal of pediatric obesity, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 461-466, doi: 10.3109/17477160903568439.

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Title Overweight among New Zealand adolescents: associations with ethnicity and deprivation
Author(s) Utter, Jennifer
Denny, Simon
Crengle, Sue
Ameratunga, Shanthi
Robinson, Elizabeth
Clark, Terryann
Percival, Teuila
Maddison, Ralph
Journal name International journal of pediatric obesity
Volume number 5
Issue number 6
Start page 461
End page 466
Total pages 6
Publisher Taylor & Francis Online
Place of publication Abingdon, England
Publication date 2010-03
ISSN 1747-7166
1747-7174
Keyword(s) Adolescent
Body Mass Index
Health Surveys
Humans
New Zealand
Obesity
Oceanic Ancestry Group
Overweight
Prevalence
Residence Characteristics
Risk Assessment
Risk Factors
Socioeconomic Factors
Surveys and Questionnaires
Waist Circumference
Summary OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the current study are: to describe the prevalence of overweight/obesity among New Zealand adolescents and to describe the demographic characteristics, including neighbourhood deprivation, associated with overweight/obesity. METHODS: Data for the current study were collected as part of Youth'07, a national survey of the health and well-being of 9 107 New Zealand secondary school students (approximate ages 13 to 17 years). Students answered a comprehensive, multimedia survey about their health and wellbeing and were weighed and measured for height. Small area deprivation was measured by the New Zealand Deprivation Index, based on the student's residential address. RESULTS: One in ten adolescents was obese and an additional 24% were overweight. Body size was significantly associated with small area deprivation (p<0.001) and ethnicity (p<0.001). Furthermore, the association between socioeconomic deprivation and body mass index (BMI) was moderated by ethnicity (p=0.035 for interaction term.) A positive association between BMI and socioeconomic deprivation was observed for Pacific students, Māori students and European students, but not for Asian students and students of other ethnicities. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings demonstrate a high prevalence of overweight/obesity among New Zealand adolescents, particularly for Pacific Island adolescents, Māori adolescents, and those living in areas of high deprivation.
Language eng
DOI 10.3109/17477160903568439
Field of Research 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920499 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2010, Informa Healthcare
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30081968

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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