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Perceived versus actual distance to local physical-activity facilities: does it really matter?

Maddison, Ralph, Jiang, Yannan, Vander Hoorn, Steve, Ni Mhurchu, Cliona, Exeter, Daniel and Utter, Jennifer 2010, Perceived versus actual distance to local physical-activity facilities: does it really matter?, Journal of physical activity and health, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 323-332, doi: 10.1123/jpah.7.3.323.

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Title Perceived versus actual distance to local physical-activity facilities: does it really matter?
Author(s) Maddison, RalphORCID iD for Maddison, Ralph orcid.org/0000-0001-8564-5518
Jiang, Yannan
Vander Hoorn, Steve
Ni Mhurchu, Cliona
Exeter, Daniel
Utter, Jennifer
Journal name Journal of physical activity and health
Volume number 7
Issue number 3
Start page 323
End page 332
Total pages 11
Publisher Human Kinetics
Place of publication [Champaign, Ill.]
Publication date 2010-05
ISSN 1543-3080
1543-5474
Keyword(s) Adolescent
Child
Environment
Exercise Test
Feasibility Studies
Female
Fitness Centers
Geographic Information Systems
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Health Services Accessibility
Health Status Indicators
Humans
Male
Motor Activity
New Zealand
Perception
Recreation
Surveys and Questionnaires
Summary BACKGROUND: Research in adults shows poor agreement between self-reported and objectively measured proximity to physical activity resources; however there is little such research in adolescents. This study assessed the level of agreement between self-reported and objective measures of distance to physical activity resources in adolescents; and whether perceived or actual distance was related to actual use and physical activity levels. METHODS: 110 New Zealand high school students (12-18 years) were asked the time (in minutes) it would take them to walk from their home to the nearest physical activity resource, and whether they had used it in the previous month. The distance from participants' homes to the nearest resource was measured using GIS. Physical activity was assessed with accelerometers. RESULTS: Agreement was poor, with weighted Kappa Indices ranging from 0.1 to 0.4. The facilities used most frequently were schools (90%), public parks (76%), and playing fields (74%). Closer location was associated with higher use of some facilities only. Moderate-to-vigorous activity levels were not associated with self-reported or measured distance. CONCLUSIONS: Agreement between perceived and measured access is poor among adolescents. Further research is needed to understand how individual and social factors interact with environmental factors and whether improving awareness improves use.
Language eng
DOI 10.1123/jpah.7.3.323
Field of Research 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
1106 Human Movement And Sports Science
1302 Curriculum And Pedagogy
Socio Economic Objective 920499 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2010, Human Kinetics
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30081970

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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