A modeling intervention in heart failure

Maddison, Ralph, Prapavessis, Harry, Armstrong, Guy P. and Hill, Caleb 2008, A modeling intervention in heart failure, Annals of behavioral medicine, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 64-69, doi: 10.1007/s12160-008-9050-y.

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Title A modeling intervention in heart failure
Author(s) Maddison, RalphORCID iD for Maddison, Ralph orcid.org/0000-0001-8564-5518
Prapavessis, Harry
Armstrong, Guy P.
Hill, Caleb
Journal name Annals of behavioral medicine
Volume number 36
Issue number 1
Start page 64
End page 69
Total pages 6
Publisher Springer New York
Place of publication New York, N.Y.
Publication date 2008-08
ISSN 1532-4796
Keyword(s) self-efficacy
observational learning
exercise testing
Summary BACKGROUND: Peak oxygen uptake (VO(2)) testing is commonly used to assess chronic heart failure (CHF) patients' exercise tolerance. The test requires maximal effort; however, many participants have low confidence (self-efficacy) to perform optimally. PURPOSE: This randomized controlled trial examined the effectiveness of a modeling intervention to increase Peak VO(2) (PVO(2)) and self-efficacy in people diagnosed with CHF. METHODS: Twenty participants with a diagnosis of CHF were randomized to either an intervention (modeling DVD) or a control group. Both groups completed a measure of self-efficacy prior to performing two PVO(2) tests, each separated by 7 days. After completing the first test (T1) the intervention group watched a 10-min coping model DVD. All participants returned 1 week later (T2) to complete identical study procedures. RESULTS: Analysis of covariance results showed that compared with the participants in the control group, those assigned to the modeling intervention had higher PVO(2) at T2, F (1, 19) = 4.38, p = 0.05, eta (2) = 0.21 and self-efficacy, F (1, 19) = 5.80, p < 0.05, eta (2) = 0.25. Only partial support was found for change in self-efficacy mediating treatment outcome (PVO(2)). CONCLUSIONS: Watching a modeling video is associated with increased PVO(2) and self-efficacy. These results have implications for testing patients in a clinical setting to maximize exercise tolerance test results.
Language eng
DOI 10.1007/s12160-008-9050-y
Field of Research 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920499 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2008, The Society of Behavioral Medicine
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30081979

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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