Unknown RFID tags appear when the unread tagged objects are moved in or tagged objects are misplaced. This paper studies the practically important problem of unknown tag detection while taking both time-efficiency and energy-efficiency of battery-powered active tags into consideration. We first propose a Sampling Bloom Filter which generalizes the standard Bloom Filter. Using the new filtering technique, we propose the Sampling Bloom Filter-based Unknown tag Detection Protocol (SBF-UDP), whose detection accuracy is tunable by the end users. We present the theoretical analysis to minimize the time and energy costs. SBF-UDP can be tuned to either the time-saving mode or the energy-saving mode, according to the specific requirements. Extensive simulations are conducted to evaluate the performance of the proposed protocol. The experimental results show that SBF-UDP considerably outperforms the previous related protocols in terms of both time-efficiency and energy-efficiency. For example, when 3 or more unknown tags appear in the RFID system with 30 000 known tags, the proposed SBF-UDP is able to successfully report the existence of unknown tags with a confidence more than 99%. While our protocol runs 9 times faster than the fastest existing scheme and reducing the energy consumption by more than 80%.
Field of Research
080109 Pattern Recognition and Data Mining 0906 Electrical And Electronic Engineering 1005 Communications Technologies
Socio Economic Objective
970108 Expanding Knowledge in the Information and Computing Sciences
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