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Blood alcohol and injury in Bhutan: targeted surveillance in a national referral hospital emergency department

Dorji, Gampo, Pradhan, Sona, Tenzin, Tashi, Miller, Peter, Connor, Jennie and Kypri, Kypros 2017, Blood alcohol and injury in Bhutan: targeted surveillance in a national referral hospital emergency department, Injury prevention, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 64-66, doi: 10.1136/injuryprev-2015-041911.

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Title Blood alcohol and injury in Bhutan: targeted surveillance in a national referral hospital emergency department
Author(s) Dorji, Gampo
Pradhan, Sona
Tenzin, Tashi
Miller, PeterORCID iD for Miller, Peter orcid.org/0000-0002-6896-5437
Connor, Jennie
Kypri, Kypros
Journal name Injury prevention
Volume number 23
Issue number 1
Start page 64
End page 66
Total pages 3
Publisher BMJ Publishing Group
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2017-02
ISSN 1475-5785
Summary Bhutan is a low-middle-income country with poor roads, rapidly increasing motor vehicle use and heavy alcohol consumption. We estimated the proportion of emergency department patients presenting with injury who had positive blood alcohol. We sought to breathalyse and interview all adult patients (≥18 years) presenting with injury at the Jigme Dorji Wangchuck National Referral Hospital in the capital city Thimphu, from April to October 2015. Breath tests and interviews were conducted with 339 (91%) of 374 eligible adult patients. A third (34%) were alcohol-positive and 22% had blood alcohol concentrations >0.08 g/dL. The highest alcohol-positive fractions were for assault (71%), falls (31%) and traffic crashes (30%). Over a third (36%) of patients had a delay of >2 h between injury and breath test. The results underestimate blood alcohol concentrations at the time of injury so the true prevalence of pre-injury alcohol impairment is greater than our estimates suggest. Countermeasures are urgently needed, particularly roadside random breath testing and alcohol controls.
Language eng
DOI 10.1136/injuryprev-2015-041911
Field of Research 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
1117 Public Health And Health Services
1701 Psychology
Socio Economic Objective 929999 Health not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, The Authors
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30082149

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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