Predicting physical activity intention and behavior in school-age children

Foley, Louise, Prapavessis, Harry, Maddison, Ralph, Burke, Shauna, McGowan, Erin and Gillanders, Lisa 2008, Predicting physical activity intention and behavior in school-age children, Pediatric exercise science, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 342-356, doi: 10.1123/pes.20.3.342.

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Title Predicting physical activity intention and behavior in school-age children
Author(s) Foley, Louise
Prapavessis, Harry
Maddison, RalphORCID iD for Maddison, Ralph
Burke, Shauna
McGowan, Erin
Gillanders, Lisa
Journal name Pediatric exercise science
Volume number 20
Issue number 3
Start page 342
End page 356
Total pages 16
Publisher Human Kinetics Publishers
Place of publication Champaign, Ill.
Publication date 2008-08
ISSN 1543-2920
Keyword(s) Adolescent
Health Behavior
Internal-External Control
Monitoring, Ambulatory
New Zealand
Self Efficacy
Summary Two studies were conducted to predict physical activity in school-aged children. Study 1 tested the utility of an integrated model in predicting physical activity (PA) intention and behavior-the theory of planned behavior (TPB) and self-efficacy theory. Six hundred and forty-five New Zealand children (aged 11-13 years) completed measures corresponding to the integrated model and a self-reported measure of PA one week later. Perceived behavioral control (PBC) and subjective norm were the two strongest predictors of intentions. Task efficacy and barrier efficacy were the two strongest predictors of PA. A second study (Study 2) was conducted to determine whether the self-efficacy measures could discriminate objectively measured PA levels. Sixty-seven Canadian children (aged 11-13 years) completed task and barrier self-efficacy measures. The following week, children classified as 'high' (n = 11) and 'lower' (n = 7) for both task and barrier efficacy wore an Actical® monitor for seven consecutive days to provide activity-related energy expenditure (AEE) data. Results showed that children with high efficacy expended significantly greater AEE than their lower efficacious counterparts. Findings from these two studies provide support for the use of self-efficacy interventions as a potentially useful means of increasing PA levels among school-aged children.
Language eng
DOI 10.1123/pes.20.3.342
Field of Research 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
1106 Human Movement And Sports Science
1114 Paediatrics And Reproductive Medicine
1302 Curriculum And Pedagogy
Socio Economic Objective 920499 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2008, Human Kinetics
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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