Review : regular brisk walking improves cardiovascular risk factors in healthy sedentary adults

Murphy, MH and Maddison, Ralph 2008, Review : regular brisk walking improves cardiovascular risk factors in healthy sedentary adults, Evidence-based nursing, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 15-15, doi: 10.1136/ebn.11.1.15.

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Title Review : regular brisk walking improves cardiovascular risk factors in healthy sedentary adults
Author(s) Murphy, MH
Maddison, RalphORCID iD for Maddison, Ralph
Journal name Evidence-based nursing
Volume number 11
Issue number 1
Start page 15
End page 15
Total pages 1
Publisher BMJ Publishing Group
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2008-01
ISSN 1468-9618
Summary QUESTION In healthy sedentary adults, does regular brisk walking improve cardiovascular risk factors?

METHODS Data sources: Medline and Web of Science (1971 to September 2004) and reference lists.Study selection and assessment:English-language, randomised controlled trials (RCTs) with duration ⩾4 weeks that assessed the effects of walking as the only intervention on changes in cardiovascular risk factors in sedentary, but otherwise healthy, adults. 24 RCTs (n = 1128, mean age 52 y, 83% women) met the selection criteria. The mean length of the walking programmes was 35 weeks (range 8–104 wk). On average, walking was done 4.4 days/week for 38 minutes per session. The mean intensity of the walking interventions was 70% of predicted maximum heart rate or 56% of VO2 max. Quality of individual studies was assessed based on allocation concealment. Outcomes: cardiovascular fitness (VO2 max), body weight, percent body fat, body mass index, and systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP).

MAIN RESULTS Brisk walking increased cardiovascular fitness and reduced body weight, body mass index, body fat composition, and diastolic BP more than the control condition (table). No effect on systolic BP was observed (table).

CONCLUSION In healthy sedentary adults, regular brisk walking improves cardiovascular fitness, body composition, and diastolic blood pressure.
Language eng
DOI 10.1136/ebn.11.1.15
Field of Research 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
1103 Clinical Sciences
Socio Economic Objective 920499 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C2.1 Other contribution to refereed journal
Copyright notice ©2008, BMJ Publishing Group
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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