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Self-handicapping tendencies, coping, and anxiety responses among athletes

Prapavessis, Harry, Grove, J. Robert, Maddison, Ralph and Zillmann, Nadine 2003, Self-handicapping tendencies, coping, and anxiety responses among athletes, Psychology of sport and exercise, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 357-375, doi: 10.1016/S1469-0292(02)00020-1.

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Title Self-handicapping tendencies, coping, and anxiety responses among athletes
Author(s) Prapavessis, Harry
Grove, J. Robert
Maddison, RalphORCID iD for Maddison, Ralph orcid.org/0000-0001-8564-5518
Zillmann, Nadine
Journal name Psychology of sport and exercise
Volume number 4
Issue number 4
Start page 357
End page 375
Total pages 19
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2003-10
ISSN 1469-0292
Keyword(s) self-handicapping
coping
state-anxiety
athletes
Summary Objectives: Four studies examined relationships between self-handicapping tendencies and reactions to two different yet potentially stressful sport situations (i.e., dealing with a performance slump and emotional reaction prior to competition). Design: Retrospective and prospective cross-sectional survey. Methods: For studies 1 and 2, participants were 65 male athletes (mean age=20.45) and 141 male and female athletes (mean age=21.5), respectively. Participants in study 1 completed the Self-handicapping Scale (SHS) and slump-related coping was assessed using the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS). Participants in study 2 completed the SHS and slump-related coping was assessed using the modified Ways of Coping in Sport Scale (WCSS). For studies 3 and 4, participants were 220 male athletes (mean age=22.60) and 120 male and female athletes (mean age=34.75), respectively. Participants from both studies completed the SHS and emotions prior to competition were assessed using the Competitive State Anxiety Inventory (CSAI-2). Results: Data from study 1 showed that self-handicapping tendencies were related to emotive-oriented coping. CISS emotion scale scores accounted for 25% of the variance in SHS scores. Data from study 2 showed that self-handicapping tendencies were related to denial/avoidance and wishful thinking subscale scores of the WCSS. Together these two variables accounted for 11% of the variance in SHS scores. Data from studies 3 and 4 showed positive relations between self-handicapping tendencies and cognitive state-anxiety. Cognitive state-anxiety accounted for 8% of the variance in SHS scores in study 3 and 12% of the variance in SHS scores in study 4. Conclusions: Results from studies 1 and 2 demonstrate that self-handicapping tendencies are related to general and specific emotion coping strategies when dealing with a slump. Results from studies 3 and 4 show that self-handicapping tendencies are related to precompetitive cognitive state-anxiety.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/S1469-0292(02)00020-1
Field of Research 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920499 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2003, Elsevier
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30082157

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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