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Prevention of transnational transplant-related crimes—What more can be done?

Martin, Dominique E., Van Assche, Kristof, Domínguez-Gil, Beatriz, López-Fraga, Marta, Budiani-Saberi, Debra, Lavee, Jacob, Tibell, Annika, Moazam, Farhat, Muller, Elmi, Danovitch, Gabriel M., Codreanu, Igor, Naicker, Saraladevi, Al Rukhaimi, Mona, McGuinness, Sheelagh, Bakr, Mohamed A., Moniruzzaman, Monir, Capron, Alexander M. and Delmonico, Francis L. 2015, Prevention of transnational transplant-related crimes—What more can be done?, Transplantation, vol. 100, no. 8, pp. 1-9, doi: 10.1097/TP.0000000000001001.

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Title Prevention of transnational transplant-related crimes—What more can be done?
Author(s) Martin, Dominique E.ORCID iD for Martin, Dominique E.
Van Assche, Kristof
Domínguez-Gil, Beatriz
López-Fraga, Marta
Budiani-Saberi, Debra
Lavee, Jacob
Tibell, Annika
Moazam, Farhat
Muller, Elmi
Danovitch, Gabriel M.
Codreanu, Igor
Naicker, Saraladevi
Al Rukhaimi, Mona
McGuinness, Sheelagh
Bakr, Mohamed A.
Moniruzzaman, Monir
Capron, Alexander M.
Delmonico, Francis L.
Journal name Transplantation
Volume number 100
Issue number 8
Start page 1
End page 9
Total pages 9
Publisher Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Place of publication Philadelphia, Pa.
Publication date 2015-11-02
ISSN 0041-1337
Summary Many nations are able to prosecute transplant-related crimes committed in their territory, but transplant recipients, organ sellers and brokers, and transplant professionals may escape prosecution by engaging in these practices in foreign locations where they judge the risk of criminal investigation and prosecution to be remote.Methods. The Declaration of Istanbul Custodian Group convened an international working group to evaluate the possible role of extraterritorial jurisdiction in strengthening the enforcement of existing laws governing transplant-related crimes across national boundaries. Potential practical and ethical concerns about the use of extraterritorial jurisdiction were examined, and possible responses were explored. Results. Extraterritorial jurisdiction is a legitimate tool to combat transplant-related crimes. Further, development of a global registry of transnational transplant activities in conjunction with a standardized international referral system for legitimate travel for transplantation is proposed as a mechanism to support enforcement of national and international legal tools. Conclusions. States are encouraged to include provisions on extraterritorial jurisdiction in their laws on transplant-related crimes and to collaborate with professionals and international authorities in the development of a global registry of transnational transplant activities. These actions would assist in the identification and evaluation of illicit activities and provide information that would help in developing strategies to deter and prevent them.
Language eng
DOI 10.1097/TP.0000000000001001
Field of Research 220101 Bioethics (Human and Animal)
Socio Economic Objective 929999 Health not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, Wolters Kluwer Health
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Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Medicine
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