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A miniature energy harvesting rectenna for operating a head-mountable deep brain stimulation device

Hosain, Kamal, Kouzani, Abbas Z., Samad, Fateha and Tye, Susannah J. 2015, A miniature energy harvesting rectenna for operating a head-mountable deep brain stimulation device, IEEE access, vol. 3, pp. 223-234, doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2015.2414411.

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Title A miniature energy harvesting rectenna for operating a head-mountable deep brain stimulation device
Author(s) Hosain, Kamal
Kouzani, Abbas Z.
Samad, Fateha
Tye, Susannah J.
Journal name IEEE access
Volume number 3
Start page 223
End page 234
Total pages 12
Publisher IEEE
Place of publication Piscataway, N.J.
Publication date 2015
ISSN 2169-3536
Keyword(s) Energy harvesting
Deep brain stimulation
Miniature device
Summary This paper presents design, implementation, and evaluation of a miniature rectenna for energy harvesting applications. The rectenna produces DC power from a distant microwave energy transmitter. The generated DC power is then utilized to operate a head-mountable deep brain stimulation device. The rectenna consists of a miniature three-layer planar inverted-F antenna and a Schottky-diode-based bridge rectifier. The antenna has a volume of π × 6 × 1.584 mm3, a resonance frequency of 915 MHz with a simulated bandwidth of 18 MHz (907-925 MHz), and a measured bandwidth of 18 MHz (910-928 MHz) at the return loss of -10 dB. A dielectric substrate of FR-4 of εr = 4.5 and δ = 0.02 is used for simulation and fabrication of the antenna and the rectifier due to its low cost. An L-section impedance matching circuit is employed between the antenna and the rectifier to reduce the mismatch loss. The impedance matching circuit operates as a low-pass filter eliminating higher order harmonics. A deep brain stimulation device is successfully operated by the rectenna at a distance of 20 cm away from a microwave energy transmitter of power 26.77 dBm. The motivation of this paper includes creation of a deep brain stimulation device that operates indefinitely without a battery. From the application standpoint, the developed energy harvesting rectenna facilitates long-term deep brain stimulation of laboratory animals for preclinical research investigating neurological disorders.
Language eng
DOI 10.1109/ACCESS.2015.2414411
Field of Research 090304 Medical Devices
Socio Economic Objective 861502 Medical Instruments
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2015, IEEE
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Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Engineering
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Created: Wed, 23 Mar 2016, 08:14:00 EST

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