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Exploring the effect of gender and age on stress and emotional distress in adults with autism spectrum disorder

McGillivray, J. A. and Evert, H. T. 2014, Exploring the effect of gender and age on stress and emotional distress in adults with autism spectrum disorder, Focus on autism and other developmental disabilities, In Press, pp. 1-10, doi: 10.1177/1088357614549317.

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Title Exploring the effect of gender and age on stress and emotional distress in adults with autism spectrum disorder
Author(s) McGillivray, J. A.
Evert, H. T.
Journal name Focus on autism and other developmental disabilities
Season In Press
Start page 1
End page 10
Total pages 10
Publisher Sage
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2014-09-18
ISSN 1088-3576
1538-4829
Keyword(s) autism spectrum disorder
depression
anxiety and stress
gender and age differences
Summary One hundred nine people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) completed the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS), andStress Survey Schedule (SSS). Compared with Australian norms for DASS depression, anxiety, and stress, both males andfemales with ASD showed elevated scores. Females aged 25 to 44 years scored significantly higher on the DASS depressionsubscale than same aged males and younger males and females. Significant gender and age differences were evident onSSS subscales. In comparison with males, females were more stressed on Pleasant Events, Sensory/Personal Contact, andSocial and Environmental subscales, and adult females in particular were more stressed on items around Change and SocialThreats and Anticipation/Uncertainty. Young people were less stressed on seven of the eight SSS subscales than olderpeople. It appears that emotional vulnerability in people with ASD varies according to gender and age, with adult femalesat particular risk.
Language eng
DOI 10.1177/1088357614549317
Field of Research 170102 Developmental Psychology and Ageing
1303 Specialist Studies In Education
Socio Economic Objective 929999 Health not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2014, Hammill Institute on Disabilities
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30082458

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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