Historical population structure of two Tasmanian communities using surname analyses

Kosten, M., Williams, J. and Mitchell, R.J. 1983, Historical population structure of two Tasmanian communities using surname analyses, Journal odf biosocial science, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 367-376, doi: 10.1017/S0021932000014711.

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Title Historical population structure of two Tasmanian communities using surname analyses
Author(s) Kosten, M.
Williams, J.ORCID iD for Williams, J. orcid.org/0000-0002-5633-1592
Mitchell, R.J.
Journal name Journal odf biosocial science
Volume number 15
Issue number 3
Start page 367
End page 376
Total pages 10
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Place of publication Cambridge, Eng.
Publication date 1983-07
ISSN 0021-9320
Keyword(s) Australia
Ethnic Groups
Genetics, Population
History, 19th Century
History, 20th Century
Summary This paper reports the first data on historical population structure in white Australians. Vital records and census data from two Tasmanian registration districts, Oatlands and Bothwell, were examined using surname analysis to investigate population structure in the nineteenth century. Both were colonising populations and therefore initially had massive immigration and a very high sex ratio. Inbreeding, as measured by marital isonymy, was relatively high in Oatlands, especially in the context of its short history. Although genetic continuity, measured by surname constancy, was relatively low, a small but distinct core was detectable. Bothwell, the smaller community, exhibited very little inbreeding and, concomitantly, low surname constancy. The coefficient of relationship by isonymy between Oatlands and Bothwell was extremely low. These findings are discussed in the context of the known socio-political history of this region of Tasmania.
Language eng
DOI 10.1017/S0021932000014711
Field of Research 1603 Demography
Socio Economic Objective 0 Not Applicable
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©1983, Cambridge University Press
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30082576

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Health and Social Development
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