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A visual profile of Queensland Indigenous children

Hopkins, Shelley, Sampson, Geoff P., Hendicott, Peter L. and Wood, Joanne M. 2016, A visual profile of Queensland Indigenous children, Optometry and vision science, vol. 93, no. 3, pp. 251-258, doi: 10.1097/OPX.0000000000000797.

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Title A visual profile of Queensland Indigenous children
Author(s) Hopkins, Shelley
Sampson, Geoff P.
Hendicott, Peter L.
Wood, Joanne M.
Journal name Optometry and vision science
Volume number 93
Issue number 3
Start page 251
End page 258
Total pages 8
Publisher Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Place of publication Philadelphia, Pa.
Publication date 2016-03
ISSN 1538-9235
Keyword(s) Accommodation, Ocular
Child
Child, Preschool
Female
Humans
Infant
Male
Oceanic Ancestry Group
Ocular Motility Disorders
Prevalence
Queensland
Refractive Errors
Sickness Impact Profile
Strabismus
Surveys and Questionnaires
Vision Disorders
Vision Tests
Vision, Binocular
Visual Acuity
Visually Impaired Persons
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Ophthalmology
Australian Indigenous children
schoolchildren
refractive error
binocular vision
visual information processing
visual impairment
DOUBLE-DEFICIT HYPOTHESIS
EYE HEALTH SURVEY
MOTOR INTEGRATION
CONVERGENCE INSUFFICIENCY
VISUOMOTOR INTEGRATION
READING DISABILITIES
ABORIGINAL CHILDREN
AUSTRALIAN CHILDREN
DEVELOPMENTAL TEST
Summary PURPOSE: Little is known about the prevalence of refractive error, binocular vision, and other visual conditions in Australian Indigenous children. This is important given the association of these visual conditions with reduced reading performance in the wider population, which may also contribute to the suboptimal reading performance reported in this population. The aim of this study was to develop a visual profile of Queensland Indigenous children. METHODS: Vision testing was performed on 595 primary schoolchildren in Queensland, Australia. Vision parameters measured included visual acuity, refractive error, color vision, nearpoint of convergence, horizontal heterophoria, fusional vergence range, accommodative facility, AC/A ratio, visual motor integration, and rapid automatized naming. Near heterophoria, nearpoint of convergence, and near fusional vergence range were used to classify convergence insufficiency (CI). RESULTS: Although refractive error (Indigenous, 10%; non-Indigenous, 16%; p = 0.04) and strabismus (Indigenous, 0%; non-Indigenous, 3%; p = 0.03) were significantly less common in Indigenous children, CI was twice as prevalent (Indigenous, 10%; non-Indigenous, 5%; p = 0.04). Reduced visual information processing skills were more common in Indigenous children (reduced visual motor integration [Indigenous, 28%; non-Indigenous, 16%; p < 0.01] and slower rapid automatized naming [Indigenous, 67%; non-Indigenous, 59%; p = 0.04]). The prevalence of visual impairment (reduced visual acuity) and color vision deficiency was similar between groups. CONCLUSIONS: Indigenous children have less refractive error and strabismus than their non-Indigenous peers. However, CI and reduced visual information processing skills were more common in this group. Given that vision screenings primarily target visual acuity assessment and strabismus detection, this is an important finding as many Indigenous children with CI and reduced visual information processing may be missed. Emphasis should be placed on identifying children with CI and reduced visual information processing given the potential effect of these conditions on school performance.
Language eng
DOI 10.1097/OPX.0000000000000797
Field of Research 111701 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health
Socio Economic Objective 920302 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health - Health Status and Outcomes
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, American Academy of Optometry
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30082599

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Medicine
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