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Association between parent and child dietary sodium and potassium intakes as assessed by 24-h urinary excretion

Service, Carrie, Grimes, Carley, Riddell, Lynn, He, Feng, Campbell, Karen and Nowson, Caryl 2016, Association between parent and child dietary sodium and potassium intakes as assessed by 24-h urinary excretion, Nutrients, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 1-10, doi: 10.3390/nu8040191.

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Title Association between parent and child dietary sodium and potassium intakes as assessed by 24-h urinary excretion
Author(s) Service, Carrie
Grimes, Carley
Riddell, LynnORCID iD for Riddell, Lynn orcid.org/0000-0002-0688-2134
He, Feng
Campbell, KarenORCID iD for Campbell, Karen orcid.org/0000-0002-4499-3396
Nowson, CarylORCID iD for Nowson, Caryl orcid.org/0000-0001-6586-7965
Journal name Nutrients
Volume number 8
Issue number 4
Start page 1
End page 10
Total pages 10
Publisher MDPI
Place of publication Bern, Switzerland
Publication date 2016
ISSN 2072-6643
Keyword(s) Australia
dietary potassium
dietary salt
nutrient
parent-child
urinary sodium
Summary The aim of this study was to assess the association between parent and child sodium (Na) and potassium (K) intake as assessed by 24-h urinary excretion (24hUE). Primary school children and their parent(s) provided one 24-h urine sample and information on cooking and children's discretionary salt use. Valid urine samples were provided by 108 mothers (mean age 41.8 (5.1) (SD) years, Na 120 (45) mmol/day) (7.0 g/day salt equivalent) and 40 fathers (44.4 (4.9) years, Na 152 (49) mmol/day (8.9 g/day salt), and 168 offspring (51.8% male, age 9.1 (2.0) years, Na 101 (47) mmol/day (5.9 g/day salt). When adjusted for parental age, child age and gender a 17 mmol/day Na (1 g/day salt) increase in mother's 24hUE was associated with a 3.4 mmol/day Na (0.2 g/day salt) increase in child's salt 24hUE (p = 0.04) with no association observed between father and child. Sixty-seven percent of parents added salt during cooking and 37% of children added salt at the table. Children who reported adding table salt had higher urinary excretion than those who did not (p = 0.01). The association between mother and child Na intake may relate to the consumption of similar foods and highlights the importance of the home environment in influencing total dietary sodium intake.
Language eng
DOI 10.3390/nu8040191
Field of Research 1111 Nutrition And Dietetics
Socio Economic Objective 920411 Nutrition
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, The Authors
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30082888

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.