Foam rolling for delayed-onset muscle soreness and recovery of dynamic performance measures

Pearcey, Gregory E. P., Bradbury-Squires, David J., Kawamoto, Jon-Erik, Drinkwater, Eric J., Behm, David G. and Button, Duane C. 2015, Foam rolling for delayed-onset muscle soreness and recovery of dynamic performance measures, Journal of athletic training, vol. 50, no. 1, pp. 5-13, doi: 10.4085/1062-6050-50.1.01.

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Title Foam rolling for delayed-onset muscle soreness and recovery of dynamic performance measures
Author(s) Pearcey, Gregory E. P.
Bradbury-Squires, David J.
Kawamoto, Jon-Erik
Drinkwater, Eric J.ORCID iD for Drinkwater, Eric J.
Behm, David G.
Button, Duane C.
Journal name Journal of athletic training
Volume number 50
Issue number 1
Start page 5
End page 13
Total pages 9
Publisher National Athletic Trainers' Association
Place of publication Dallas, Tex.
Publication date 2015-01
ISSN 1062-6050
Summary Context: After an intense bout of exercise, foam rolling is thought to alleviate muscle fatigue and soreness (ie, delayed-onset muscle soreness [DOMS]) and improve muscular performance. Potentially, foam rolling may be an effective therapeutic modality to reduce DOMS while enhancing the recovery of muscular performance. Objective: To examine the effects of foam rolling as a recovery tool after an intense exercise protocol through assessment of pressure-pain threshold, sprint time, change-of-direction speed, power, and dynamic strength-endurance. Design: Controlled laboratory study. Setting: University laboratory. Patients or Other Participants: A total of 8 healthy, physically active males (age = 22.1 ± 2.5 years, height = 177.0 ± 7.5 cm, mass = 88.4 ± 11.4 kg) participated. Intervention(s): Participants performed 2 conditions, separated by 4 weeks, involving 10 sets of 10 repetitions of back squats at 60% of their 1-repetition maximum, followed by either no foam rolling or 20 minutes of foam rolling immediately, 24, and 48 hours postexercise. Main Outcome Measure(s): Pressure-pain threshold, sprint speed (30-m sprint time), power (broad-jump distance), change-of-direction speed (T-test), and dynamic strength-endurance. Results: Foam rolling substantially improved quadriceps muscle tenderness by a moderate to large amount in the days after fatigue (Cohen d range, 0.59 to 0.84). Substantial effects ranged from small to large in sprint time (Cohen d range, 0.68 to 0.77), power (Cohen d range, 0.48 to 0.87), and dynamic strength-endurance (Cohen d = 0.54). Conclusions: Foam rolling effectively reduced DOMS and associated decrements in most dynamic performance measures.
Language eng
DOI 10.4085/1062-6050-50.1.01
Field of Research 1106 Human Movement And Sports Science
Socio Economic Objective 920409 Injury Control
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2015, National Athletic Trainers' Association
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Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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