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Evaporation, seepage and water quality management in storage dams: a review of research methods

Craig, Ian, Aravinthan, Vasantha, Baillie, Craig, Beswick, Alan, Barnes, Geoff, Bradbury, Ron, Connal, Luke, Cooper, Paul, Fellows, Christopher, Fitzmaurice, Li, Foley, Joe, Hancock, Nigel, Lamb, David, Morrison, Pippa, Misra, Rabi, Mossad, Ruth, Pittaway, Pam, Prime, Emma, Rees, Steve, Schmidt, Erik, Solomon, David, Symes, Troy and Turnbull, David 2007, Evaporation, seepage and water quality management in storage dams: a review of research methods, Environmental health, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 84-97.

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Title Evaporation, seepage and water quality management in storage dams: a review of research methods
Author(s) Craig, Ian
Aravinthan, Vasantha
Baillie, Craig
Beswick, Alan
Barnes, Geoff
Bradbury, Ron
Connal, Luke
Cooper, Paul
Fellows, Christopher
Fitzmaurice, Li
Foley, Joe
Hancock, Nigel
Lamb, David
Morrison, Pippa
Misra, Rabi
Mossad, Ruth
Pittaway, Pam
Prime, Emma
Rees, Steve
Schmidt, Erik
Solomon, David
Symes, Troy
Turnbull, David
Journal name Environmental health
Volume number 7
Issue number 3
Start page 84
End page 97
Total pages 14
Publisher Australian Institute of Environmental Health
Place of publication Fortitude Valley, Qld.
Publication date 2007
ISSN 1444-5212
Keyword(s) evaporation control
seepage
Penman-Monteith
equation
monoloayer
Summary One of the most significant sources of water wastage in Australia is loss from small storage dams, either by seepage or evaporation. Over much of Australia, evaporative demand routinely exceeds precipitation. This paper outlines first, methodologies and measurement techniques to quantify the rate of evaporative loss from fresh water storages. These encompass high-accuracy water balance monitoring; determination of the validity of alternative estimation equations, in particular the FAO56 Penman- Monteith ETo methodology; and the commencement of CFD modeling to determine a 'dam factor' in relation to practical atmospheric measurement techniques. Second, because the application of chemical monolayers is the only feasible alternative to the high cost of physically covering the storages to retard evaporation, the use of cetyl alcohol-based monolayers is reviewed, and preliminary research on their degradation by photolytic action, by wind break-up and by microbial degradation reported. Similarly, preliminary research on monolayer visualisation techniques for field application is reported; and potential enhancement of monolayers by other chemicals and attendant water quality issues are considered.
Language eng
Field of Research 050205 Environmental Management
Socio Economic Objective 960905 Farmland
Copyright notice ©2007, Australian Institute of Environmental Health
Free to Read? Yes
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30082951

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Institute for Frontier Materials
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.