This paper identifies two distinct functions of the common advantage in Aristotle’s political thought and argues that distinguishing these functions allows for a reconciliation of the individualist and holist aspects of the Aristotelian account of the polis. I demonstrate that the Aristotelian common advantage functions both as (i) a motivating reason for individuals to enter the polis and (ii) a normative reason — the political good of justice — that provides a criterion for an assessment of the correctness of constitutions (politeiai). The two functions of the common advantage are, I suggest, reconcilable insofar as the Aristotelian polis is best understood as a unity of order rather than a mere aggregation of individual citizens or an organic whole.
Field of Research
220210 History of Philosophy 160609 Political Theory and Political Philosophy 1606 Political Science 2202 History And Philosophy Of Specific Fields
Socio Economic Objective
970122 Expanding Knowledge in Philosophy and Religious Studies
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