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Characterizing changes in fitness of basketball players within and between seasons

Drinkwater, Eric J, Hopkins, Will G, McKenna, Michael J, Hunt, Patrick H and Pyne, David B 2005, Characterizing changes in fitness of basketball players within and between seasons, International journal of performance analysis in sport, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 382-388.

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Title Characterizing changes in fitness of basketball players within and between seasons
Author(s) Drinkwater, Eric J
Hopkins, Will G
McKenna, Michael J
Hunt, Patrick H
Pyne, David B
Journal name International journal of performance analysis in sport
Volume number 19
Issue number 2
Start page 382
End page 388
Total pages 7
Publisher Cardiff Metropolitan University Press
Place of publication Cardiff, Wales
Publication date 2005-12
ISSN 1533-4287
Keyword(s) anthropometry
athlete
elite
gender
performance
Summary We assessed the magnitude of changes in fitness and anthropometric test scores of well-trained basketball players between phases of a year and over several years. Players were 1011 females and 1087 males in Basketball Australia's State and National junior programs (1862 and 236 players respectively). Players undertook a set of three fitness and three anthropometric tests on 2.6 ± 2.0 (mean ±SD) occasions over 0.8 ± 1.0 y. Mixed modeling was used to estimate mean changes within and between seasons, and to estimate individual variability as the standard deviation of change scores between assessments. Changes were expressed as standardized (Cohen) effect sizes for interpretation of magnitudes (trivial <0.2; small 0.2-0.6, moderate 0.6-1.2). In the first 2 y National and State males showed small longitudinal improvements in body mass, skinfolds, and shuttle-run performance (effect size 0.28 – 0.42). After 2 y National females made small improvements in most tests (0.27 – 0.42), but National males showed a small decline in shuttle-run performance (0.55). Other changes in mean test scores within and between seasons were trivial. Individuals showed small to moderate variability about the mean change between phases (0.23 – 0.87) and between years (0.26 – 1.03), with State-level players having greater variation in all tests (State/National ratio 1.1 – 2.4). Coaches or sport scientists monitoring or modifying fitness of basketball players should recognize there is generally little overall change in mean fitness within and between seasons. They should also take into account the small to moderate changes in individuals.
Language eng
Field of Research 1106 Human Movement And Sports Science
Socio Economic Objective 929999 Health not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2005, Cardiff Metropolitan University Press
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30083257

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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