The relationship between start performance and race outcome in elite 500-m short-track speed skating

Haug, William B., Drinkwater, Eric J., Mitchell, Lachlan J. and Chapman, Dale W. 2015, The relationship between start performance and race outcome in elite 500-m short-track speed skating, International journal of sports physiology and performance, vol. 10, no. 7, pp. 902-906, doi: 10.1123/ijspp.2014-0504.

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Title The relationship between start performance and race outcome in elite 500-m short-track speed skating
Author(s) Haug, William B.
Drinkwater, Eric J.ORCID iD for Drinkwater, Eric J.
Mitchell, Lachlan J.
Chapman, Dale W.
Journal name International journal of sports physiology and performance
Volume number 10
Issue number 7
Start page 902
End page 906
Total pages 5
Publisher Human Kinetics
Place of publication Champaign, Ill.
Publication date 2015-10
ISSN 1555-0265
Keyword(s) performance analysis
elite athlete
race intensity
Summary Initial short-track speed-skating 14-m start performance has substantial influence on 500-m race outcome at the international level, yet the relationship has not been systematically quantified. The purpose of this investigation was to examine the relationship between rank position entering first corner (RPEFC) and race outcome and to understand how this relationship changes with competition round and absolute race intensity. Data were compiled from 2011-2014 World Cup seasons and 2010 and 2014 Olympic Winter Games. Association between RPEFC and race outcome was determined through Kendall tau-rank correlations. A visual comparison was made of how the relationship changes with relative competition level (race tau correlations were sorted by competition round) and with race intensity (race tau correlations were sorted by within-event winning time). A very large relationship between RPEFC and race outcome was observed (correlations for cohort, τ = .60; men, τ = .53; women, τ= .67). When examined by competition round (quarter- to A-finals), no substantial change in relationship was observed (men, τ= .57-.46; women, τ= .73-.53). However, when the start-performance relationship was considered by within-event winning time, the relationship strength increased with decreasing time (men, τ = .61 to .46; women, τ = .76 to .57; fastest to 7th- and 8th-fastest combined, respectively). These results establish and quantify RPEFC as an important aspect of elite short-track 500-m race outcome. RPEFC as an indicator of race outcome becomes increasingly important with absolute race intensity, suggesting that RPEFC capability is a discriminating factor for competitors of similar top speed and speed endurance.
Language eng
DOI 10.1123/ijspp.2014-0504
Field of Research 1106 Human Movement And Sports Science
Socio Economic Objective 929999 Health not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2015, Human Kinetics
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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