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Linking positive psychology to offender supervision outcomes: The mediating role of psychological flexibility, general self-efficacy, optimism, and hope

Woldgabreal, Yilma, Day, Andrew and Ward,Tony 2016, Linking positive psychology to offender supervision outcomes: The mediating role of psychological flexibility, general self-efficacy, optimism, and hope, Criminal justice and behavior, vol. 43, no. 6, pp. 697-721, doi: 10.1177/0093854815620816.

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Title Linking positive psychology to offender supervision outcomes: The mediating role of psychological flexibility, general self-efficacy, optimism, and hope
Author(s) Woldgabreal, Yilma
Day, Andrew
Ward,Tony
Journal name Criminal justice and behavior
Volume number 43
Issue number 6
Start page 697
End page 721
Total pages 25
Publisher Sage
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2016-06
ISSN 0093-8548
1552-3594
Keyword(s) Psychological flexibility
Self-efficacy
Optimism
Hope
Offender
Supervision
Summary This study examines the relationships between indicators of offender supervision outcomes and dimensions of positive psychological states (PPS). Results of a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) revealed that the first-order positive psychology constructs converge to form a higher order construct of PPS which was inversely associated with supervision outcomes. Furthermore, the mediating effect of PPS on the relationship between criminogenic risk factors and all offender supervision outcome variables was statistically significant, suggesting that offenders with heightened PPS are likely to have fewer criminogenic risk factors and are less likely to be reported for technical violation, charged, reconvicted, and imprisoned. The implications of these findings for correctional theory, practice, and policy conclude the article.
Language eng
DOI 10.1177/0093854815620816
Field of Research 1602 Criminology
1701 Psychology
1801 Law
170199 Psychology not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 929999 Health not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, Sage
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30083307

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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Created: Fri, 06 May 2016, 14:52:31 EST

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