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Electronic cigarettes: patterns of use, health effects, use in smoking cessation and regulatory issues

Rahman, Muhammad Aziz, Hann, Nicholas, Wilson, Andrew and Worrall-Carter, Linda 2014, Electronic cigarettes: patterns of use, health effects, use in smoking cessation and regulatory issues, Tobacco induced diseases, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 1-9, doi: 10.1186/1617-9625-12-21.

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Title Electronic cigarettes: patterns of use, health effects, use in smoking cessation and regulatory issues
Author(s) Rahman, Muhammad AzizORCID iD for Rahman, Muhammad Aziz orcid.org/0000-0003-1665-7966
Hann, Nicholas
Wilson, Andrew
Worrall-Carter, Linda
Journal name Tobacco induced diseases
Volume number 12
Issue number 1
Article ID 21
Start page 1
End page 9
Total pages 9
Publisher BioMed Central
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2014
ISSN 2070-7266
Keyword(s) E-cigarettes
Electronic cigarettes
Smoking
Smoking cessation
Tobacco
Summary BACKGROUND: Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are battery-powered devices that vaporize a liquid solution to deliver a dose of inhaled nicotine to the user. There is ongoing debate regarding their regulation.
OBJECTIVES: This comprehensive narrative review aimed to discuss key issues including usage patterns, health effects, efficacy in smoking cessation and regulatory concerns with a view to informing future regulation and research agendas.
METHODS: PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science databases were searched using the terms (electronic cigarettes OR e-cigarettes) for articles in English, relevant to humans and published during January 2009-January 2014.
RESULTS: The literature search revealed 37 relevant articles. Findings suggest that e-cigarettes are mostly used by middle-aged current smokers, particularly males, to help them for quitting or for recreation. E-cigarettes contain very low levels of multiple toxic substances such as formaldehyde and acrolein, but these levels are many times lower than those found in cigarettes. They were found to have effectiveness in aiding smoking cessation to a limited degree. Debate continues regarding regulating their use for cessation versus heavy restrictions to control recreational use on the basis that it perpetuates nicotine addiction.
CONCLUSIONS: The cytotoxicity and long term health effects of e-cigarettes are unknown. Nevertheless the e-cigarette market continues to expand, largely driven by middle-aged smokers who claim to be using e-cigarettes in an attempt to reduce or quit smoking. E-cigarettes may have some potential as smoking cessation aids and, in the researchers' view, should therefore be subject to further research and regulation similar to other nicotine replacement therapies.
Language eng
DOI 10.1186/1617-9625-12-21
Field of Research 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
1103 Clinical Sciences
Socio Economic Objective 920499 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2014, Rahman et al.
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30083513

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: School of Medicine
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.