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Smoking behavior among patients and staff: a snapshot from a major metropolitan hospital in Melbourne, Australia

Rahman, Muhammad Aziz, Wilson, Andrew M., Sanders, Rhonda, Castle, David, Daws, Karen, Thompson, David R., Ski, Chantal F., Matthews, Sarah, Wright, Christine and Worrall-Carter, Linda 2014, Smoking behavior among patients and staff: a snapshot from a major metropolitan hospital in Melbourne, Australia, International journal of general medicine, vol. 7, pp. 79-87, doi: 10.2147/IJGM.S54230.

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Title Smoking behavior among patients and staff: a snapshot from a major metropolitan hospital in Melbourne, Australia
Author(s) Rahman, Muhammad AzizORCID iD for Rahman, Muhammad Aziz orcid.org/0000-0003-1665-7966
Wilson, Andrew M.
Sanders, Rhonda
Castle, David
Daws, Karen
Thompson, David R.
Ski, Chantal F.
Matthews, Sarah
Wright, Christine
Worrall-Carter, Linda
Journal name International journal of general medicine
Volume number 7
Start page 79
End page 87
Total pages 9
Publisher Dove Medical Press
Place of publication Macclesfield, Eng.
Publication date 2014-01-15
ISSN 1178-7074
Keyword(s) cross-sectional study
health
prevalence
smoking
tobacco
Summary BACKGROUND: A cross-sectional study was conducted to provide a snapshot of smoking behavior among staff and patients at a major metropolitan hospital in Melbourne.
METHODS: Patients and staff were surveyed using a questionnaire exploring demographics, nicotine dependence (Fagerstrom test), readiness to quit, and preference for smoking cessation options.
RESULTS: A total of 1496 people were screened within 2 hours; 1,301 participated (1,100 staff, 199 patients). Mean age was 42 years, 68% were female. There were 113 (9%) current smokers and 326 (25%) ex-smokers. Seven percent of the staff were current smokers compared with 19% of the patients. The Fagerstrom test showed that 47% of patients who smoked were moderately nicotine dependent compared with 21% of staff. A third of the staff who smoked did not anticipate health problems related to smoking. Most patients (79%) who smoked disagreed that their current health problems were related to smoking. Although more than half of the current smokers preferred pharmacotherapy, one in two of them did not prefer behavior counseling; with consistent results among staff and patients. Multivariate analyses showed that patients were three times more likely (odds ratio 3.0, 95% confidence interval 1.9-4.7) to smoke than staff.
CONCLUSION: This study reports lower prevalence of smoking among hospital staff compared with national data. It also indicates an under-appreciation of health effects of smoking, and a preference not to use conventional methods of quitting.
Language eng
DOI 10.2147/IJGM.S54230
Field of Research 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
1103 Clinical Sciences
Socio Economic Objective 920499 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2014, Rahman et al.
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30083514

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: School of Medicine
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.