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A novel low-cost approach to estimate the incidence of Japanese encephalitis in the catchment area of three hospitals in Bangladesh

Paul, Repon C., Rahman, Mahmudur, Gurley, Emily S., Hossain, M. Jahangir, Diorditsa, Serguei, Hasan, ASM Mainul, Banu, Sultana S., Alamgir, ASM, Rahman, Muhammad Aziz, Sandhu, Hardeep, Fischer, Marc and Luby, Stephen P. 2011, A novel low-cost approach to estimate the incidence of Japanese encephalitis in the catchment area of three hospitals in Bangladesh, American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene, vol. 85, no. 2, pp. 379-385, doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.2011.10-0706.

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Title A novel low-cost approach to estimate the incidence of Japanese encephalitis in the catchment area of three hospitals in Bangladesh
Author(s) Paul, Repon C.
Rahman, Mahmudur
Gurley, Emily S.
Hossain, M. Jahangir
Diorditsa, Serguei
Hasan, ASM Mainul
Banu, Sultana S.
Alamgir, ASM
Rahman, Muhammad AzizORCID iD for Rahman, Muhammad Aziz orcid.org/0000-0003-1665-7966
Sandhu, Hardeep
Fischer, Marc
Luby, Stephen P.
Journal name American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene
Volume number 85
Issue number 2
Start page 379
End page 385
Total pages 7
Publisher American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Place of publication Deerfield, Ill.
Publication date 2011-08
ISSN 0002-9637
1476-1645
Keyword(s) Adolescent
Bangladesh
Child
Child, Preschool
Encephalitis, Japanese
Female
Hospitals
Humans
Incidence
Male
Population Surveillance
Public Health
Summary Acute meningoencephalitis syndrome surveillance was initiated in three medical college hospitals in Bangladesh in October 2007 to identify Japanese encephalitis (JE) cases. We estimated the population-based incidence of JE in the three hospitals' catchment areas by adjusting the hospital-based crude incidence of JE by the proportion of catchment area meningoencephalitis cases who were admitted to surveillance hospitals. Instead of a traditional house-to-house survey, which is expensive for a disease with low frequency, we attempted a novel approach to identify meningoencephalitis cases in the hospital catchment area through social networks among the community residents. The estimated JE incidence was 2.7/100,000 population in Rajshahi (95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.8-4.9), 1.4 in Khulna (95% CI = 0.9-4.1), and 0.6 in Chittagong (95% CI = 0.4-0.9). Bangladesh should consider a pilot project to introduce JE vaccine in high-incidence areas.
Language eng
DOI 10.4269/ajtmh.2011.10-0706
Field of Research 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2011, American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Free to Read? Yes
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30083588

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Medicine
Open Access Collection
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.