Layered vulnerability: Temporary migrants in Australian horticulture

Underhill, Elsa and Rimmer, Malcolm 2016, Layered vulnerability: Temporary migrants in Australian horticulture, Journal of industrial relations, vol. 58, no. 5, pp. 608-626, doi: 10.1177/0022185615600510.

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Title Layered vulnerability: Temporary migrants in Australian horticulture
Author(s) Underhill, ElsaORCID iD for Underhill, Elsa
Rimmer, Malcolm
Journal name Journal of industrial relations
Volume number 58
Issue number 5
Start page 608
End page 626
Total pages 19
Publisher Sage
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2016-11
ISSN 0022-1856
Keyword(s) horticulture
subclass 417 visas
temporary migrant workers
undocumented workers
vulnerable workers
Summary Australian horticulture (fruit and vegetable production) relies upon a seasonal harvest workforce, much of which now consists of temporary migrant workers. This article argues that the composition of this workforce and the character of the work lead towards layered vulnerability, some groups being more exposed to low pay and substandard working conditions than others. Formally at least, employment conditions are generally protected by the federal Horticulture Award (2010). But are decent employment standards consistently observed? The article explores this question, examining three issues. First, does analysis of workforce composition reveal different tiers in the workforce, some more vulnerable than others? Second, do the casual nature of harvest work and the job search processes used by temporary migrant workers create disadvantaged groups? Third, does evidence about pay, working hours and work intensity reveal some workers to be more vulnerable than others? The article concludes with an examination of those factors that appear to be associated with layered vulnerability in the harvest workforce, and considers some policy implications.
Language eng
DOI 10.1177/0022185615600510
Field of Research 150306 Industrial Relations
111705 Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety
140299 Applied Economics not elsewhere classified
150399 Business and Management not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 910401 Industrial Relations
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, Sage
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Business and Law
Department of Management
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