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Effectiveness of interventions targeting physical activity, nutrition and healthy weight for university and college students: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Plotnikoff, Ronald C., Costigan, Sarah A., Williams, Rebecca L., Hutchesson, Melinda J., Kennedy, Sarah G., Robards, Sara L., Allen, Jennifer, Collins, Clare E., Callister, Robin and Germov, John 2015, Effectiveness of interventions targeting physical activity, nutrition and healthy weight for university and college students: a systematic review and meta-analysis, International journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity, vol. 12, Article number: 45, pp. 1-10, doi: 10.1186/s12966-015-0203-7.

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Title Effectiveness of interventions targeting physical activity, nutrition and healthy weight for university and college students: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Author(s) Plotnikoff, Ronald C.
Costigan, Sarah A.ORCID iD for Costigan, Sarah A. orcid.org/0000-0003-2566-3276
Williams, Rebecca L.
Hutchesson, Melinda J.
Kennedy, Sarah G.
Robards, Sara L.
Allen, Jennifer
Collins, Clare E.
Callister, Robin
Germov, John
Journal name International journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity
Volume number 12
Season Article number: 45
Start page 1
End page 10
Total pages 10
Publisher BioMed Central
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2015-04-01
ISSN 1479-5868
Keyword(s) university
college
tertiary education institutions
university students
health promotion
health behavior
healthy universities
physical activity
exercise
diet
nutrition
weight loss
Summary To examine the effectiveness of interventions aimed at improving physical activity, diet, and/or weight-related behaviors amongst university/college students. Five online databases were searched (January 1970 to April 2014). Experimental study designs were eligible for inclusion. Data extraction was performed by one reviewer using a standardized form developed by the researchers and checked by a second reviewer. Data were described in a narrative synthesis and meta-analyses were conducted when appropriate. Study quality was also established. Forty-one studies were included; of these, 34 reported significant improvements in one of the key outcomes. Of the studies examining physical activity 18/29 yielded significant results, with meta-analysis demonstrating significant increases in moderate physical activity in intervention groups compared to control. Of the studies examining nutrition, 12/24 reported significantly improved outcomes; only 4/12 assessing weight loss outcomes found significant weight reduction. This appears to be the first systematic review of physical activity, diet and weight loss interventions targeting university and college students. Tertiary institutions are appropriate settings for implementing and evaluating lifestyle interventions, however more research is needed to improve such strategies.
Language eng
DOI 10.1186/s12966-015-0203-7
Field of Research 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920411 Nutrition
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2015, The Authors
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30084112

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.