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High-intensity interval training for improving health-related fitness in adolescents: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Costigan, S. A., Eather, N., Plotnikoff, R. C., Taaffe, D. R. and Lubans, D. R. 2015, High-intensity interval training for improving health-related fitness in adolescents: a systematic review and meta-analysis, British journal of sports medicine, vol. 49, no. 19, pp. 1253-1261, doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2014-094490.

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Title High-intensity interval training for improving health-related fitness in adolescents: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Author(s) Costigan, S. A.
Eather, N.
Plotnikoff, R. C.
Taaffe, D. R.
Lubans, D. R.
Journal name British journal of sports medicine
Volume number 49
Issue number 19
Start page 1253
End page 1261
Total pages 10
Publisher B M J Group
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2015-06
ISSN 1473-0480
Summary BACKGROUND: High-intensity interval training (HIIT) may be a feasible and efficacious strategy for improving health-related fitness in young people. The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the utility of HIIT to improve health-related fitness in adolescents and to identify potential moderators of training effects. METHODS: Studies were considered eligible if they: (1) examined adolescents (13-18 years); (2) examined health-related fitness outcomes; (3) involved an intervention of ≥4 weeks in duration; (4) included a control or moderate intensity comparison group; and (5) prescribed high-intensity activity for the HIIT condition. Meta-analyses were conducted to determine the effect of HIIT on health-related fitness components using Comprehensive Meta-analysis software and potential moderators were explored (ie, study duration, risk of bias and type of comparison group). RESULTS: The effects of HIIT on cardiorespiratory fitness and body composition were large, and medium, respectively. Study duration was a moderator for the effect of HIIT on body fat percentage. Intervention effects for waist circumference and muscular fitness were not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: HIIT is a feasible and time-efficient approach for improving cardiorespiratory fitness and body composition in adolescent populations.
Language eng
DOI 10.1136/bjsports-2014-094490
Field of Research 110602 Exercise Physiology
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, BMJ Publishing Group Ltd & British Association of Sports and Exercise Medicine
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30084116

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research
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