Abeyrathna, Buddhika, Rolfe, Bernard, Hodgson, Peter and Weiss, Matthias 2016, Local deformation in roll forming, International journal of advanced manufacturing technology, In press, pp. 1-11, doi: 10.1007/s00170-016-8962-0.
International journal of advanced manufacturing technology
Place of publication
In a previous paper, a simple model was developed to extend the application of the traditional flower pattern diagram as a design tool for roll forming. The position of a point on the strip as it passes through each set of rolls can be identified as a series of points in the two-dimensional flower pattern diagram. In three dimensions, these points will lie on a non-circular cylindrical surface having its axis parallel to the machine axis. Assuming that these points are joined by a smooth curve, the forming path of a point on the strip as it passes through the roll forming process can be obtained as a plane curve on the plane development of this surface. It was shown in previous work that the longitudinal membrane strain and, in certain cases, local curvature of the sheet are functions of the slope of this plane curve. In this work, the strains on both surfaces at the edge of a strip in the forming of a simple V-channel are measured using strain gauges. It is shown that near the point of contact with the rolls, the strains differ by nearly an order of magnitude from those determined from the simple model which assumes that the trajectory is a smooth curve. A modification of the forming path is obtained from the measured bending strains. Although the changes in displacement are small, the peak values of strain near the point of roll contact are large and a consequence of highly localised changes in the forming path as the strip passes over each roll. Measurement of this perturbation in the forming path is difficult as the region is obscured by the forming rolls. The technique described here permits the reconstruction of this path and identifies a new area of investigation of longitudinal strains in roll forming. These are often associated with shape defects such as bow, warping and end flare.
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