Associations between appetitive traits and food preferences in preschool children

Russell, Catherine Georgina and Worsley, Tony 2016, Associations between appetitive traits and food preferences in preschool children, Food quality and preference, vol. 52, pp. 172-178, doi: 10.1016/j.foodqual.2016.04.006.

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Title Associations between appetitive traits and food preferences in preschool children
Author(s) Russell, Catherine Georgina
Worsley, TonyORCID iD for Worsley, Tony
Journal name Food quality and preference
Volume number 52
Start page 172
End page 178
Total pages 7
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2016-09
ISSN 0950-3293
Keyword(s) Eating behaviors
Food preferences
Parent-child relations
Eating style
food habits
Summary BackgroundThe ways in which children eat, their appetitive traits, are associated with their food intakes and weight status yet it is unclear whether they also relate to food preferences.MethodsA cross-sectional self-report survey administered in two Australian cities. Food preferences were grouped according to the Australian Guide to Healthy Eating and a summary measure of healthiness, the Healthy Preference Index, was constructed. Bi-variate and multiple linear analyses examined relationships between each of the CEBQ dimensions and between the CEBQ dimensions and children’s food preferences (P < 0.05).ResultsIn total, 371 parents of children aged 2–5 years (response rate 53.5%) participated. The models explained approximately 32% of the variance in children’s Healthy Preference Index scores and 42% of the variance in preferences for vegetables. CEBQ dimensions Fussiness, Enjoyment of Food and Food Responsiveness were significant predictors of several of the food preference measures in linear regression analyses. Fussiness predicted all of the measures of food preferences, explaining a large proportion of the variance in such measures (ranging from 23% to 59%). Enjoyment of Food predicted greater liking of Vegetables and Meats as well as a higher Variety Index score. Food Responsiveness was associated with greater preferences for non-core Extra Foods, and reduced preferences for Vegetables. None of the other CEBQ dimensions meaningfully associated with children’s food preferences.ConclusionsOf the eight CEBQ subscales, children’s Fussiness, Enjoyment of Food and Food Responsiveness predicted food preferences. Some, but not all, of the CEBQ subscales appear to be meaningful predictors of children’s food preferences.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.foodqual.2016.04.006
Field of Research 111199 Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified
0908 Food Sciences
1505 Marketing
Socio Economic Objective 920411 Nutrition
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, Elsevier
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