The impact of gender inequality in education on income in Africa and the Middle East

Baliamoune-Lutz, Mina and McGillivray, Mark 2015, The impact of gender inequality in education on income in Africa and the Middle East, Economic modelling, vol. 47, pp. 1-11, doi: 10.1016/j.econmod.2014.11.031.

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Title The impact of gender inequality in education on income in Africa and the Middle East
Author(s) Baliamoune-Lutz, Mina
McGillivray, MarkORCID iD for McGillivray, Mark
Journal name Economic modelling
Volume number 47
Start page 1
End page 11
Total pages 11
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2015-06
ISSN 0264-9993
Keyword(s) Africa
Middle East
Income per capita
Gender inequality in education
Openness to trade
Summary We use data for a group of sub-Saharan African, North African and Middle Eastern countries to explore the impact of gender inequality in education on levels of income per capita. Two gender inequality indicators are used: the gap in female to male primary education enrolment ratios and the gap in female to male secondary education enrolment ratios. Estimation results indicate that gender inequality in primary and secondary education has a statistically significant negative effect on income, especially in North African and Middle Eastern countries. In relatively open economies, gender inequality in education seems to have an additional effect, but this effect is consistently positive, suggesting that while trade contributes to higher income it may be accompanied by greater inequality. Overall, the results in this paper provide further evidence that the international development community's focus on reducing gender inequality and achieving universal primary education is well founded.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.econmod.2014.11.031
Field of Research 140202 Economic Development and Growth
1402 Applied Economics
1403 Econometrics
1502 Banking, Finance And Investment
Socio Economic Objective 970116 Expanding Knowledge through Studies of Human Society
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2015, Elsevier
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