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Negative reactivity and parental warmth in early adolescence, and depressive symptoms in emerging adulthood

Lloyd, B, Macdonald, Jacqueline, Youssef, George, Knight, Therese, Letcher, P, Sanson, A and Olsson, Craig 2016, Negative reactivity and parental warmth in early adolescence, and depressive symptoms in emerging adulthood, Australian journal of psychology, vol. 69, pp. 1-9, doi: 10.1111/ajpy.12129.

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Title Negative reactivity and parental warmth in early adolescence, and depressive symptoms in emerging adulthood
Author(s) Lloyd, B
Macdonald, JacquelineORCID iD for Macdonald, Jacqueline
Youssef, GeorgeORCID iD for Youssef, George
Knight, ThereseORCID iD for Knight, Therese
Letcher, P
Sanson, A
Olsson, CraigORCID iD for Olsson, Craig
Journal name Australian journal of psychology
Volume number 69
Start page 1
End page 9
Total pages 9
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell
Place of publication Chichester, Eng.
Publication date 2016-06
ISSN 1742-9536
Keyword(s) adolescence
depressive symptoms
negative reactivity
parental warmth
Social Sciences
Psychology, Multidisciplinary
Summary ObjectiveCross-sectional research suggests that relationships between temperamental negative reactivity and adolescent depressive symptoms may be moderated by parental warmth. The primary purpose of this study was to conduct the first prospective analysis of this relationship.MethodData from 1,147 families in an Australian population-based longitudinal study were used to examine: (1) temporal relationships between negative reactivity in early adolescence (13–14 years) and depressive symptoms in emerging adulthood (19–20 years); (2) the moderating role of parent-reported warmth in early adolescence (13–14 years); and (3) the moderating role of child gender. Hierarchical multiple regression was conducted to test the hypothesis that parental warmth would moderate the relationship between early adolescent negative reactivity and depressive symptoms in emerging adulthood.ResultsAfter accounting for previous depressive symptoms at age 13–14 years, negative reactivity was positively associated with later depressive symptoms. By contrast, parental warmth at 13–14 years was negatively associated with later depressive symptoms for females but not males. Parental warmth did not moderate the association between early adolescent negative reactivity and subsequent depressive symptoms.ConclusionsThis study was the first to use prospective data to assess the protective effects of early adolescent parental warmth on the association between negative reactive temperaments and early adult depressive symptoms. Findings suggest that parental warmth for negatively reactive children provides only concurrent protection against subsequent depressive risk. This study did not examine parent–child transactional models, which may, in future longitudinal research, improve understanding of how trajectories of parent–child goodness-of-fit contribute to depressive symptoms.
Language eng
DOI 10.1111/ajpy.12129
Field of Research 170102 Developmental Psychology and Ageing
1701 Psychology
1702 Cognitive Science
Socio Economic Objective 920410 Mental Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, Australian Psychological Society
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Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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