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Persistence and subtype stability of ADHD among substance use disorder treatment seekers

Kaye, Sharlene, Ramos-Quiroga, Josep Antoni, van de Glind, Geurt, Levin, Frances R., Faraone, Stephen V., Allsop, Steven, Degenhardt, Louisa, Moggi, Franz, Barta, Csaba, Konstenius, Maija, Franck, Johan, Skutle, Arvid, Bu, Eli-Torild, Koeter, Maarten W. J., Demetrovics, Zsolt, Kapitány-Fövény, Mate, Schoevers, Robert A., van Emmerik-van Oortmerssen, Katelijne, Carpentier, Pieter-Jan, Dom, Geert, Verspreet, Sofie, Crunelle, Cleo L., Young, Jesse T., Carruthers, Susan, Cassar, Joanne, Fatséas, Melina, Auriacombe, Marc, Johnson, Brian, Dunn, Matthew, Slobodin, Ortal and van den Brink, Wim 2016, Persistence and subtype stability of ADHD among substance use disorder treatment seekers, Journal of attention disorders, In Press, pp. 1-16, doi: 10.1177/1087054716629217.

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Title Persistence and subtype stability of ADHD among substance use disorder treatment seekers
Author(s) Kaye, Sharlene
Ramos-Quiroga, Josep Antoni
van de Glind, Geurt
Levin, Frances R.
Faraone, Stephen V.
Allsop, Steven
Degenhardt, Louisa
Moggi, Franz
Barta, Csaba
Konstenius, Maija
Franck, Johan
Skutle, Arvid
Bu, Eli-Torild
Koeter, Maarten W. J.
Demetrovics, Zsolt
Kapitány-Fövény, Mate
Schoevers, Robert A.
van Emmerik-van Oortmerssen, Katelijne
Carpentier, Pieter-Jan
Dom, Geert
Verspreet, Sofie
Crunelle, Cleo L.
Young, Jesse T.
Carruthers, Susan
Cassar, Joanne
Fatséas, Melina
Auriacombe, Marc
Johnson, Brian
Dunn, MatthewORCID iD for Dunn, Matthew orcid.org/0000-0003-4615-5078
Slobodin, Ortal
van den Brink, Wim
Journal name Journal of attention disorders
Season In Press
Start page 1
End page 16
Total pages 16
Publisher Sage
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2016-02-27
ISSN 1557-1246
Keyword(s) ADHD
subtypes
persistence
substance related disorders
Summary OBJECTIVE: To examine ADHD symptom persistence and subtype stability among substance use disorder (SUD) treatment seekers. METHOD: In all, 1,276 adult SUD treatment seekers were assessed for childhood and adult ADHD using Conners' Adult ADHD Diagnostic Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.; DSM-IV; CAADID). A total of 290 (22.7%) participants met CAADID criteria for childhood ADHD and comprise the current study sample. RESULTS: Childhood ADHD persisted into adulthood in 72.8% (n = 211) of cases. ADHD persistence was significantly associated with a family history of ADHD, and the presence of conduct disorder and antisocial personality disorder. The combined subtype was the most stable into adulthood (78.6%) and this stability was significantly associated with conduct disorder and past treatment of ADHD. CONCLUSION: ADHD is highly prevalent and persistent among SUD treatment seekers and is associated with the more severe phenotype that is also less likely to remit. Routine screening and follow-up assessment for ADHD is indicated to enhance treatment management and outcomes.
Language eng
DOI 10.1177/1087054716629217
Field of Research 111714 Mental Health
111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
1701 Psychology
Socio Economic Objective 920599 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, The Authors
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30084736

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Health and Social Development
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Created: Tue, 30 Aug 2016, 15:29:01 EST

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