High-performance supercapacitor electrode from cellulose-derived, inter-bonded carbon nanofibers

Cai, Jie, Niu, Haitao, Wang, Hongxia, Shao, Hao, Fang, Jian, He, Jingren, Xiong, Hanguo, Ma, Chengjie and Lin, Tong 2016, High-performance supercapacitor electrode from cellulose-derived, inter-bonded carbon nanofibers, Journal of power sources, vol. 324, pp. 302-308, doi: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2016.05.070.

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Title High-performance supercapacitor electrode from cellulose-derived, inter-bonded carbon nanofibers
Author(s) Cai, Jie
Niu, HaitaoORCID iD for Niu, Haitao orcid.org/0000-0002-8442-7444
Wang, HongxiaORCID iD for Wang, Hongxia orcid.org/0000-0003-0247-9791
Shao, Hao
Fang, JianORCID iD for Fang, Jian orcid.org/0000-0003-2981-9733
He, Jingren
Xiong, Hanguo
Ma, Chengjie
Lin, TongORCID iD for Lin, Tong orcid.org/0000-0002-1003-0671
Journal name Journal of power sources
Volume number 324
Start page 302
End page 308
Total pages 7
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2016-08-30
ISSN 0378-7753
Summary Carbon nanofibers with inter-bonded fibrous structure show high supercapacitor performance when being used as electrode materials. Their preparation is highly desirable from cellulose through a pyrolysis technique, because cellulose is an abundant, low cost natural material and its carbonization does not emit toxic substance. However, interconnected carbon nanofibers prepared from electrospun cellulose nanofibers and their capacitive behaviors have not been reported in the research literature. Here we report a facile one-step strategy to prepare inter-bonded carbon nanofibers from partially hydrolyzed cellulose acetate nanofibers, for making high-performance supercapacitors as electrode materials. The inter-fiber connection shows considerable improvement in electrode electrochemical performances. The supercapacitor electrode has a specific capacitance of ∼241.4 F g-1 at 1 A g-1 current density. It maintains high cycling stability (negligible 0.1% capacitance reduction after 10,000 cycles) with a maximum power density of ∼84.1 kW kg-1. They may find applications in the development of efficient supercapacitor electrodes for energy storage applications.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2016.05.070
Field of Research 09 Engineering
03 Chemical Sciences
091205 Functional Materials
Socio Economic Objective 860406 Synthetic Fibres, Yarns and Fabrics
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, Elsevier
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30084765

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Institute for Frontier Materials
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