The applicability of self-regulation theories in sport: Goal adjustment capacities, stress appraisals, coping, and well-being among athletes

Nicholls, Adam R., Levy, Andrew R., Carson, Fraser, Thompson, Mark A. and Perry, John L. 2016, The applicability of self-regulation theories in sport: Goal adjustment capacities, stress appraisals, coping, and well-being among athletes, Psychology of sport and exercise, vol. 27, pp. 47-55, doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2016.07.011.

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Title The applicability of self-regulation theories in sport: Goal adjustment capacities, stress appraisals, coping, and well-being among athletes
Author(s) Nicholls, Adam R.
Levy, Andrew R.
Carson, FraserORCID iD for Carson, Fraser orcid.org/0000-0001-9720-8577
Thompson, Mark A.
Perry, John L.
Journal name Psychology of sport and exercise
Volume number 27
Start page 47
End page 55
Total pages 9
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2016-11
ISSN 1469-0292
Keyword(s) challenge
disengagement
reengagement
threat
Summary We examined a model, informed by self-regulation theories from the health psychology literature, which included goal adjustment capacities, appraisals of challenge and threat, coping, and well-being. Two-hundred and twelve athletes from the United Kingdom (n 147)= or Australia (n = 65), who played team (n = 135) or individual sports (n = 77), and competed at international (n = 7), national (n = 11), county (n = 67), club (n = 84), or beginner (n = 43) levels participated in this study. Participants completed measures of goal adjustment capacities and stress appraisals two days before competing. Athletes also completed coping and well-being questionnaires within three hours of their competition ending.The way an athlete responded to an unattainable goal was associated with his or her well-being in the period leading up to and including the competition. Goal reengagement positively predicted well-being, whereas goal disengagement negatively predicted well-being. Further, goal reengagement was positively associated with challenge appraisals, which in turn was linked to task-oriented coping, and task-oriented coping positively associated with well-being.When highly-valued goals become unattainable, consultants and coaches could encourage athletes to generate alternative approaches to achieve the same goal or help them develop a completely new goal in order to promote well-being among athletes.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.psychsport.2016.07.011
Field of Research 170114 Sport and Exercise Psychology
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, Elsevier
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30085074

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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