Holloway, K. L., Williams, L. J., Brennan-Olsen, S. L., Morse, A. G., Kotowicz, M. A., Nicholson, G. C. and Pasco, J. A. 2016, Anxiety disorders and falls among older adults, Journal of affective disorders, vol. 205, pp. 20-27, doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2016.06.052.
BACKGROUND: Falls are common among older adults and can lead to serious injuries, including fractures. We aimed to determine associations between anxiety disorders and falls in older adults. METHODS: Participants were 487 men and 376 women aged ≥60 years enrolled in the Geelong Osteoporosis Study, Australia. Using the Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Non-patient edition (SCID-I/NP), lifetime history of anxiety disorders was determined. Falls were determined by self-report. In men, a falls-risk score (Elderly Falls Screening Test (EFST)) was also calculated. RESULTS: Among fallers, 24 of 299 (8.0%) had a lifetime history of anxiety disorder compared to 36 of 634 (5.7%) non-fallers (p=0.014). Examination of the association between anxiety and falls suggested differential relationships for men and women. In men, following adjustment for psychotropic medications, mobility and blood pressure, lifetime anxiety disorder was associated with falling (OR 2.96; 95%CI 1.07-8.21) and with EFST score (OR 3.46; 95%CI 1.13-10.6). In women, an association between lifetime anxiety disorder and falls was explained by psychotropic medication use, poor mobility and socioeconomic status. LIMITATIONS: Sub-group analyses involving types of anxiety and anxiety disorders over the past 12-months were not performed due to power limitations. CONCLUSION: Although anxiety disorders were independently associated with a 3-fold increase in likelihood of reported falls and high falls risk among men, an independent association was not detected among women. These results may aid in prevention of falls through specific interventions aimed at reducing anxiety, particularly in men.
Field of Research
119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified 11 Medical And Health Sciences 17 Psychology And Cognitive Sciences
Socio Economic Objective
920499 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) not elsewhere classified
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